Krasnye Vorota metro station

Krasnye Vorota (Red Gates) is a metro station of Moscow metro on the Sokolnicheskaya Line. It is located on the border of the Basmanny and Krasnoselsky districts (TsAO) in Moscow.

The station was opened on May 15, 1935 as part of the first launch section of the Moscow Metro of 13 stations – Sokolniki – Park Kultury with a branch line Okhotny Ryad – Smolenskaya.

The project of the station was awarded the Grand Prix at the World Exhibition of 1937 in Paris.

The Krasnye Vorota station was designed by architect I. A. Fomin (co-authored by N. N. Andrikanis); designer – A. F. Denishchenko. It has the status of an object of cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia of regional significance.

The design of the station is a three-vaulted pylon deep-laying (laying depth – 32.8 meters). It was built according to an individual project by a mining method with a lining of monolithic concrete.

Ivan Fomin built the station in the classical style. The arch of the central hall of the station is supported by powerful pylons with relatively narrow passages to the side halls. The colors of the facing materials correspond to the name of the station. The main surfaces of the pylons are faced with marbled limestone of red-brown and fleshy-red colors in muted stains from the Georgian deposit of Staraya Shrosha.

The name is associated with the Red Gate, a lost architectural monument of the 18th century, as well as with the Red Gate Square, under which the station is located. Here, in 1709, the Triumphal arch-gate was erected to meet Russian troops returning from the Battle of Poltava. The gates received from the Muscovites the unofficial name “red”, that is, beautiful. Soon this name became official for both the gate and the square. Initially, the gates were wooden, but in 1753-1757 they were replaced with stone ones (architect D. V. Ukhtomsky). In the 19th century, the gates were painted red (previously they were white).

In 1927, the gates were demolished, and the symbolic image remained only in the interior of the metro station of the same name. From 1941 to 1992, the square was called Lermontovskaya – in honor of the poet M. Yu. Lermontov, who was born in the house, which was located on the site of the current high-rise Red Gate building near the square; There is also a monument to Lermontov on the square.

Attractions around: Myasnitskaya Street, Garden Ring, Menshikov TowerChistye Prudy (pond)Chistoprudny BoulevardSovremennik TheatreTurgenevskaya Square, Buildings of the insurance company “Russia”Lukoil buildingAcademician Sakharov AvenueTsentrosoyuz Building.

See also Moscow transport systemMoscow railwaysMoscow metro.

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