Academician Sakharov Avenue in Moscow

Academician Sakharov Avenue (until 1990 it was unofficially called Novokirovsky Prospekt) is an avenue in the Central Administrative District of Moscow on the territory of the Krasnoselsky District.

It runs from the southwest to the northeast of Turgenevskaya Square. Almost immediately from the square to the right, Ulansky Lane adjoins it, which then continues almost parallel to the avenue. Then Daev Lane adjoins the prospect on the right, then it is crossed by Sadovaya-Spasskaya Street, part of the Garden Ring. Further, the avenue continues to Dokuchaev Lane, where it turns into Masha Poryvaeva Street.

Back in the 1930s, it became clear that Myasnitskaya Street could not cope with the traffic flow. According to the General Plan of 1935, to unload the street, it was planned to cut a parallel wide avenue from Dzerzhinsky Square (now Lubyanskaya Square) to Komsomolskaya Square. Since at that time Myasnitskaya began to be called Kirov Street, the new avenue received the project name Novokirovsky (officially this name was never assigned, although it was signed on the city plans). Houses built in the 1930s-70s next to the future avenue, in particular, the building of the Tsentrosoyuz, had an additional facade on the planned highway.

The project for laying a new avenue was developed in the 1960s-1970s by a team of authors led by P.P. Steller. The team of authors included architects V. Nesterov, P. Skokan, R. Gvozdev, Yu. Afrikanov, B. Bode, A. Gutnov, economic engineers G. Markus, M. Staroselskaya, transport engineers M. Mogilyanskaya, N. Lavrov and others.

By the mid-1970s, some of the houses that interfered with the laying of the avenue were demolished; it was decided to begin the creation of the roadway, the work had been completed by the Olympics-80. At the same time, they began to design the extension of the avenue to the city center, but this project was not implemented.

Main attractions

The numbering of houses starts from Turgenevskaya Square.

On the odd side:

No. 9 – the building of Vnesheconombank – the only building with an odd number is located on the site between Sadovaya-Spasskaya Street and Dokuchaev Pereulok;

Between Turgenevskaya Square and Sadovaya-Spasskaya Street there are buildings numbered along Ulansky Lane:

No. 14, building B (between No. 16 and 22 along the street line) – a residential building of the Metrostroy (1937).

No. 16 – originally the building, designed by D. F. Fridman and V. I. Voronov, was intended to house the Metrostroy Administration. In 1935-1936 the building was transferred to the People’s Commissariat of Defense Industry.

No. 22 – the building was designed for Metrostroy (architects D.F. Fridman, V.I. Voronov, G. Blum, G. Sigalin). It was planned to place a hostel and a Metrostroy hotel here. Since the 1930s, the building was occupied by the People’s Commissariat of the Defense Industry, then the Ministry of the Aviation Industry of the USSR.

On the even side:

No. 37 on Myasnitskaya Street – Tsentrosoyuz Building (CSU) (1929-1936, architect Le Corbusier, with the participation of P. Janneret, N. Ya. Colli).

No. 12 – the central apparatus of the party “Our Home – Russia” (1995-2004), now the analytical center of the Government of the Russian Federation.


There is not a single surface transport route running along the street. Until the early 1990s, there was a trolleybus line (one-way, towards the center) on the segment from the Garden Ring to Turgenevskaya Square.

Located near the metro stations Turgenevskaya, Chistye Prudy, Sretensky Boulevard.

Attractions around: Myasnitskaya StreetMenshikov TowerChistye Prudy (pond)Chistoprudny BoulevardSovremennik TheatreTurgenevskaya Square, Et Cetera theatreTurgenev LibraryBuildings of the insurance company “Russia”, Lukoil building, Sretenka.

See more streets and squares in Moscowmonuments of Moscowarchitecture of Moscow.

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