The Monument to Vladimir Kozmich Zworykin. The sculptural composition “V. Zworykin – the Inventor of Television” by sculptor Sergei Goryaev and architect Alexei Tikhonov was installed near the Ostankino pond next to the Ostankino television center in 2013 (Moscow).
Vladimir Kozmich Zworykin (July 29, 1888, Murom, Vladimir province, Russian Empire – July 29, 1982, Princeton, New Jersey, USA) – Russian-American engineer and inventor in television technology.
In 1912, Zworykin invented radio detection receivers. In December 1923, Zworykin invented a sound cathode tube, and in 1925 – a cathode tube for a kinescope. In 1926, Zworykin received his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh.
In 1928, he met David Sarnov, an emigrant from the Russian Empire and vice president of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA). Sarnov, who became president of the RCA company in 1930, appointed Zworykin the head of the RCA electronics laboratory. In 1929, Zworykin developed a high-vacuum television receiving tube – a kinescope. By 1931 he had completed the design of a transmitting tube – an iconoscope, and in 1932 he also created an electron microscope.
In June 1933, Zworykin spoke at the annual American Society of Radio Engineers conference, introducing the audience to the newly invented electronic television system. In 1937, Zworykin created the first color TV with tricolor lenses – red, green and blue. In the 1940s, he modulated the light beam into blue, red and green colors and thus received color television.
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