Calp (Sp. Calpe) is a coastal town located in the comarca of Marina Alta, in the province of Alicante, Valencian Community, Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea.
The rock of Ifach (Peñón de Ifach), a rocky mass of 332 m high, rises majestically on its coast. This rock is one of the symbols of the Costa Blanca. Peñón de Ifach was declared a natural park by the Generalitat Valenciana in 1987.
The municipality has many beaches and coves of a very good quality and its bay stands out. Another remarkable place are the salt flats, from which salt has been extracted in ancient times since Roman times. It belongs to the prebetic system, which begins in the Sierra de Cazorla and ends at the Peñón de Ifach.
The Prime Meridian crosses Calp.
Tourism and main attractions
Hermitage of El Salvador de Calpe. Located on a hill, overlooking the bay, of great scenic value. The Ermita del Salvador, owes its name to the fact that it was on August 6, the day of the Transfiguration of El Salvador, the date of the reconquest of Calp by Jaime I. The interior is divided into three sections by pointed arches that rest on stone pilasters that develop buttresses on the outside of the façade. The first building dates from the 18th century. In 1748 a new building was erected on the site of the previous building, which was rebuilt in 1945 and 1992.
Hermitage San Juan de la Cometa. Located on the outskirts of the town, in the Tossal de la Cometa, it is a set of historical and religious interest, formed by buildings of an old fortified farmhouse built at the end of the 17th or early 18th century.
Parish Church is located in the heart of the old town. Its construction dates from 1973-1975, with a predominance of modern and massive forms. Its stained glass windows and murals that decorate its interior with the mosaic technique stand out, as well as the façade, decorated with a mosaic inaugurated in 1997, which shows different scenes from the Old and New Testaments, together with images of the Christ of the Sweat and the Virgen de las Nieves.
The Ancient Church. Attached to the parish church of Nuestra Señora de las Nieves, the Old Church, the only example of Mudejar Gothic in the Valencian Community. It combined religious and defensive functions by building a kind of defensive bulwark. This primitive fortress from the 14th century was transformed and today it constitutes the sacristy and the base of the bell tower. Inside there is a 15th-century tempera altarpiece that represents Saint Anthony the Abbot, Saint Cosme and Saint Damien, of high artistic value.
Baths of the Queen (Baños de la Reina). It is a rectangular enclosure divided into six compartments by a longitudinal wall and two transversal ones. It also consists of four channels for water inlet; two of them are separated by a triangular cutwater. Next to the mouth of the channels the notches of the gates or planks that closed the enclosure are preserved. All these works are carved in the “rough” stone. Although the toponym “Baños de la Reina” alludes to a spa function, reserved according to legend for a certain “Moorish queen”, in reality we are in front of a complex of nurseries communicated with each other and with the sea. The compartments could conserve different species of live fish, whose purpose could be the consumption of the neighboring population center, of which traces are preserved in the nearby excavations. The dating of this entire set corresponds to the late-Roman period (4th-5th century AD).
Castle-Fortress. Adjacent to the Mascarat ravine are the ruins of the Muslim Castle of Calpe. It is the remains of a watchtower built at the end of the 16th century to prevent the attack of Berber pirates. One wall of the tower remains standing, in which loopholes can be seen, and part of the defensive canvas of the access path. Historical and military architectural complex from the 16th century, it was built on the site and with the materials of the old Castell de Calp (12th to 14th centuries).
Tower of the Piece (Peça). It is the defense bastion where the “peça” was installed, an artillery piece that defended the Christian nucleus from the 15th century onwards and to which it owes its name. Today we find next to the tower two cannons of the four extracted in the port of Calpe of English manufacture and date from the beginning of the 14th century. With a frustoconical base, its upper part is cylindrical.
Casanova. Typical fortified farmhouse, of historical and architectural interest, in which the living and working areas are integrated. Probably built in the late 17th or early 18th century, the building is a visual and landscape landmark that dominates most of the municipal area. It consists of a compact main body, with a rectangular floor plan, three levels and a gabled roof, with the extreme openings of the first floor transformed into flat lattice balconies. The materials used are traditional, generally stone, the construction is masonry mixed. Its façade stands out for the running eaves of carved rough stone and the machicolation over the access hole.
- Cala Calalga. Located at the end of the Levante beach. Calalga beach, 100 meters long, is made of pebbles.
- Cala Racó del Corv. Accessible only by sea, located south of the Calp coast. This sandy and pebble beach is suitable for diving and fishing. It has an extension of 100 meters.
- Puerto Blanco beach. It is 100 meters long and is made of sand and pebbles.
- Levante or La Fossa beach. Located to the north of Peñón de Ifach, it is of fine sand and has an extension of 2000 meters.
- Cantal Roig beach. This beach located next to the port and the Peñón de Ifach is of fine sand and has an extension of 200 meters.
- Arenal-Bol beach. Located in the urban area of Calpe, it has fine sand and has an area of 2000 meters.
- Cala Gasparet. Located in the southern part of Toix, accessible only by sea. This pebble beach is suitable for diving and fishing. It has an extension of 100 meters.
- Cala Les Urques. Located south of the Calpe coast, near the Puerto Blanco marina. This pebble beach is suitable for diving and fishing. It has an extension of 200 meters.
- Cala La Manzanera. It is made of pebbles and has an extension of 200 meters.
- Cala el Racó. Located at the back of the Peñón de Ifach and accessed through the fishing port and the Príncipes de Asturias promenade. This beach is suitable for diving and fishing. It has an extension of 70 meters.
- Cala del Peñón. This beach is accessible by a small path in the northern part of the Peñón de Ifach. It is a rocky place suitable for diving and fishing. It has an extension of 100 meters.
- Cala del Mallorquín. Located north of the Calpe coast and close to the Les Basetes Sports Port. It is a rocky place suitable for diving and fishing, 100 meters long.
- Cala Les Basetes. Located in the marina of the same name, it is made of pebbles and suitable for diving and fishing. It has an extension of 100 meters.
The Calpe Weekly Market is held on Saturday mornings (09:00-14:00) on Avenida de Rumania. Products for sale include clothes, furnishings, leather goods, jewellery, toys and music.
A weekly fruit and vegetable market is also held in Calpe Old Town, on the Avenida Del Norte.
There are six Michelin restaurants in Calp:
- Orobianco, Partida Colina del Sol 49 A, 85 – 120 EUR • Italian Contemporary (One star)
- Audrey’s by Rafa Soler, Avenida Juan Carlos I 48, 55 – 95 EUR • Creative, Regional Cuisine (One star)
- Beat, Urbanización Marisol Park 1A, 45 – 95 EUR • Mediterranean Cuisine, French Contemporary cuisine (One star)
- Komfort, Urbanización Marisol Park 1A, 28 – 45 EUR • Contemporary cuisine
- El Bodegón, Delfín 8, 30 – 50 EUR • Traditional Cuisine
- Abiss, Benidorm 3, Calp, 45 – 62 EUR • Mediterranean Cuisine
Transport and how to get to?
To the north, from Benisa and Teulada, and from the AP-7 toll road, exit 63, which connects with the N-332 road.
To the south, from Alicante, Benidorm, and Altea, by exit 64 of the AP-7 toll motorway, which connects with the N-332 road.
Calp – Airport El Atlet (Alicante) by ALSA
Calp – Madrid by ALSA
Nearest airport: Airport El Atlet (Alicante). 53 min (79.0 km) via A-70 and AP-7
Calpe has a station, located to the west of the town. Connects the municipalities of Dénia and Benidorm, and provides service to the municipalities that are in its route.
Calpe has two urban bus lines (L1 and L 2) and one interurban bus line that connects with Moraira-Teulada (L 3), operated by Autobuses Ifach, S.L.
Area: 23 sq. km (municipality)
Coordinates: 38°38′42″N 0°02′39″E
Population: 23 400 (municipality)
Languages: Spanish, Catalan
Time: Central European UTC +1