The Soviet Government limousine ZiL-114
Front suspension of the ZiL-114 was by torsion bars. Although the rigid rear axle with leaf springs was retained, the ZiL-114 saw the replacement of drums by power-assisted disc brakes (with no fewer than three circuits) on all four wheels to cope with the more powerful engine.
It was the first Soviet car with four-wheel disk brakes. It also had a pedal-operated handbrake. There were more luxury appointments than found on previous ZiL models, with such features as air conditioning added to the furnishings of the ZiL-111. Power windows, power door locks, and a remote-control driver’s mirror were standard. Measuring 630 cm (250 in) long and weighing 3,085 kg (6,801 lb), it was also equipped with power steering.
The styling was updated somewhat in 1971; with the front end looking similar to that of such cars as the 1966 Imperial but having different shapes and details.
Small numbers of the 114K, with a cutaway roof to allow occupants to stand, were built. Two copies of an ambulance variant, the 114EA, with a sedan delivery body and higher roof, were also built. The ZiL-114N was reskinned with the body panels of its successor, the ZiL-4104.
The ZiL-117 was a short-chassis sedan version with only five seats and a much shorter wheelbase. It was also available as an unusual four-door convertible.
The ZiL-114 was an official state car and transported only the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the top leaders of the country (like Brezhnev), whereas the shorter ZiL-117 was used by secretaries of the Central Committee, as well as escort vehicles in the motorcade of heads of state, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the head of the Council of Ministers.
Made in Moscow (USSR)
Engine: 8 cylinders; 6959 cm³
Power: 300 HP
Max speed: 190 km/h
Fuel consumption: 22 l/100 km
Weight: 3085 kg