Moscow Leningradsky railway station

Leningradsky railway station (until 1855 – Petersburg station, in 1855-1923 – Nikolaevsky, in 1923-1937 – Oktyabrsky) – railway station, the passenger terminal of the Moscow-Passenger railway station (Moscow-Oktyabrskaya, Moscow-Passenger-Oktyabrskaya), located on Komsomolskaya Square in Moscow.

One of the ten railway stations in Moscow.

It is the oldest station in the city. The station building was designed in 1844-1851 according to the project of Konstantin Ton by architect Rudolf Zhelyazevich.

It was included in the North-West Regional Directorate of Railway Stations—an object of the cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia of federal significance.

Construction was completed in 1851 (according to other sources, two years earlier). The building was a stylistic pair of the Moscow station in St. Petersburg but differed in smaller sizes. The main facade of the station was placed along the red line of Kalanchevskaya Square. A spacious double-height vestibule occupied the central part of the building.

The station’s premises were decorated with oak parquet and Swedish marble stoves. The imperial halls had massive oak doors and were equipped with mirror cabinets. Toilets were also equipped with fireplaces, which was a rarity. The second floor of the station’s main building was assigned to employees’ apartments.

The station had a dead-end arrangement of tracks, typical for that time.

The first train arrived at the St. Petersburg Station in Moscow on August 3, 1851, and on the 19th of the same month, Nicholas I, with his wife and heirs, traveled by rail for the first time. Regular train traffic was opened in November 1851. The St. Petersburg-Moscow railway was renamed Nikolaevskaya four years later due to the emperor’s death. The same name was given to both terminal stations.

In 2008-2013, the station building was reconstructed as part of the Ground Metro project. They changed the station’s layout, replaced the ventilation system, and equipped an open ticket office and a single restaurant yard. During the works, the total area of the complex was increased by 8,000 m², of which 3,000 were intended for commercial use.


Long distance from Moscow

Train number Train name Destination Operated by
001/002 Krasnaya Strela (rus: Красная стрела)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
003/004 Express (rus: Экспресс)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
005/006 Double-deck coach (rus: Двухэтажный состав)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
007/008 Double-deck coach (rus: Двухэтажный состав)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
009/010 Pskov (rus: Псков)  Pskov  Russian Railways
011/012 Alexander Nevsky (rus: Александр Невский)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
015/016 Arktika (rus: Арктика)  Murmansk  Russian Railways
017/018 Karelia (rus: Карелия)  Petrozavodsk  Russian Railways
019/020 Megapolis (rus: Мегаполис)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Tverskoy Express
025/026 Smena/A. Betankur (rus: Смена/А. Бетанкур)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
027/028 Severnaya Palmira (rus: Северная Пальмира)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
031/032 Lev Tolstoy (rus: Лев Толстой)  Helsinki (Central)  Russian Railways
033/034 Baltic Express (est: Balti Express)  Tallinn (Balti jaam)  Russian Railways
037/038 Afanasiy Nikitin (rus: Афанасий Никитин)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
053/054 Grand Express (rus: Гранд Экспресс)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Grand Service Express
063/064 Dve Stolitsy (rus: Две Столицы)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
747/748 Nevsky express (Невский Экспресс)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways
725Ч/726Ч Lastochka (rus: Ласточка)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways

There are also numerous ordinary long range trains to these directions.

High-speed rail

Train number Train name Destination Operated by
Sapsan (rus: Сапсан)  St. Petersburg (Moskovsky)  Russian Railways

High-speed commuter rail Since 1 October 2015, Siemens Desiro RUS high speed commuter trains operating on Moscow-Tver and Moscow-Kryukovo (Zelenograd) routes. The major stops on the route are: Khimki, Kryukovo (Zelenograd), Podsolnechnaya (Solnechnogorsk) and Klin.

Other destinations

Country Destinations
 Russia Bologoye, Borovichi, Ostashkov, Tver, Velikie Luki, Veliky Novgorod, Zelenograd (Kryukovo)

Suburban destinations

Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect Leningradsky station with stations and platforms of the Leningradsky suburban railway line, in particular, with the towns of Khimki, Zelenograd (Kryukovo), Solnechnogorsk (Podsolnechnaya), Klin, Konakovo, and Tver.

Ground public transport (Komsomolskaya Square)

At this station, you can transfer to the following routes of urban passenger transport:

Buses: 40, s633, t14, t41, n15
Trams: 7, 13, 37, 50

Metro: Komsomolskaya (ring), Komsomolskaya (radial).

See also Moscow transport systemMoscow railwaysMoscow metro.

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