Moskvitch-403

Moskvitch-403 is a Soviet car, produced at the Moscow Car Plant (MZMA) from December 1962 to July 1965. It was a transitional model between the Moskvitch-407, which was on the assembly line until 1963, and the Moskvitch-408, which went into production in 1964.

In the early 1960s, the MZMA plant was preparing to switch to a model that was fundamentally new compared to the Moskvitch family 402-407 (body 425) produced at that time – the future Moskvitch-408. However, preparations for its production were delayed, and most of the units of the new car were already ready for development, and only the production lines for stamping and welding of body panels were delayed, as the most expensive and labor-intensive component of production equipment to manufacture. In such conditions, it was decided to launch the production of a “transitional” model – in the old “425” body, but with a completely new subframe on which the power unit, front suspension and steering from the future “408” model were installed.

The body of the Moskvitch-403 car was almost completely identical to the late M-407, with the exception of the front panel and the sub-frame (subframe), which was borrowed from the promising M-408 model along with the front suspension and steering. The external differences of the bulk of the cars produced were reduced to a different configuration of the rear lights, which became three-part instead of two-part, and – in the cabin – a different steering column, with a turn signal switch located on the left (and not on top, like the M-407), a modified gear shift mechanism (the gear shift shaft was made concentric to the steering shaft, instead of being located coaxially on the side of it in the M-407, which made it possible to significantly reduce the level of vibration of the lever) and a new steering wheel, with a V-shaped hub and a horn ring. In addition, a windshield washer appeared in the body equipment, but the windshield wiper drive remained mechanical, from a gear on the engine camshaft.

Only a relatively small number of cars of the M-403E modification (the so-called “export”, but in fact both design options were often offered for export – as different configuration options) had a modified design – a wide radiator grille with rectangular contours, modified (“two-story”) side molding with lacquer insert, rear lights painted to match the body color, outside rear view mirrors. It is interesting to note that the abundance of chrome decor of the export modification was received negatively by automobile critics abroad, contrary to the expectations of the car’s creators – in the early sixties, the fashion for abundant chrome plating and multi-color painting was already passing, the trend was simple and clean forms, like those of the upcoming “Moskvitch-408”, the design of which received, on the contrary, quite positive reviews abroad.

Modifications

  • Moskvich-403. Basic model with a sedan body. Produced in 1963-1965
  • Moskvich-403T. Modification for working in a taxi. It was equipped with a meter and a green light in the right corner.
  • Moskvich-403E. Export modification, distinguished by the shape of the radiator grille with corner sidelights, other moldings, rear lights and a “bird” above the rear license plate.
  • Moskvich-403Yu. Modification for the southern climate.
  • Moskvich-424. Station wagon based on the Moskvich-423N model with angular rear door frames and a solid gutter running along the entire roof.
  • Moskvitch-424IE. Export station wagon based on the Moskvich-424.
  • Moskvitch-424IYU. Modification of the station wagon based on the Moskvich-424 for southern climate.
  • Moskvich-432 (van based on the Moskvich-424 station wagon).

Assembly: Moscow (USSR)

Years of production: 1962—1965

Production: 105,726 units

Length: 4040 mm

Width: 1540 mm

Height: 1640 mm

Engine: 4 cylinders; 1360 cc

Power: 45 HP

Max speed: 115 km/h

Fuel consumption: 9 l/100 km

Weight: 980 kg

See also Transport blog

See also Cars blog

See also Motorcycles blog

See also Buses blog

See also Shipbuilding blog

See also Motors and Engines blog

See also Trains and railways blog

See also Trucks and Cargo Vehicles blog

See also Tractors and Special Equipment blog

See also Tanks and Armored Vehicles

See also Airplanes blog

See also Helicopters blog

See also Artillery, Missiles and Rockets blog

See also Bicycles blog

Read more: Transport and equipment ...