EP2D (Electric train suburban, 2nd type, Demikhovsky) is a DC electric train manufactured by the Demikhovo Machinebuilding Plant (DMZ), which is part of Transmashholding CJSC (TMH). It is a further development of the ED4M series of electric trains.

The electric train was created as a successor to the ED4M electric trains of 500 numbers in accordance with the new safety requirements in the countries of the Customs Union according to the terms of reference of OJSC Central Suburban Passenger Company (TsPPK) and is intended for passenger transportation on sections with a track gauge of 1520 mm, electrified with direct current a voltage of 3000 V.

A little later, an EP3D AC electric train similar in design to the mechanical part was created (based on ED9 numbers 0028-0032), and in the future, based on the EP2D and EP3D electric trains, the possibility of creating diesel-electric trains is being considered.

The development of the train was started by the Demikhov plant in mid-2015. When designing the electric train, new requirements of the countries of the Customs Union were taken into account, according to which, in particular, all passenger multiple unit trains produced after August 2016 must be equipped with a passenger crash safety system.

The first electric train (EP2D-0001, prototype) was produced in a four-car train and was tested on the experimental ring in Shcherbinka (EK VNIIZhT). In order to certify the electric train with cars of all four types, one of its head cars was produced in the Mg version, the other Pg; intermediate cars were also built differently (Pp and Mp). The train was painted in the corporate gray and red color scheme of Russian Railways.

In February 2016, the second prototype was produced (electric train EP2D-0002). Unlike the first train, its doors are designed exclusively for high platforms, and the train itself, produced in an 11-car train (the layout is similar to ED4M – with two Pg cars), was painted in a white and gray color scheme with a yellow stripe (the livery of the governor’s program ” Our Moscow region”). EP2D-0002 was sent for presentation to Moscow; On March 10, 2016, consisting of six cars (01, 02, 04, 07, 10, 09), it was presented to passengers at the Rizhsky station.

On May 25, 2016, the EP2D-0001 electric train was presented at Kirishi station with the participation of the North-West Suburban Passenger Company (SZPPK), which planned to purchase a total of four trains of this series at that time.

On July 22, 2016, DMZ received a certificate of conformity from the Customs Union for the EP2D series, which made it possible to begin serial production of such trains instead of ED4M. The certificate is valid for five years; after this period, the EP2D series will have to undergo regular tests. The received certificate allows you to operate this series without restrictions on the territory of states that are members of the Eurasian Economic Union (as of 2016, the union includes Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan), more precisely those of them where there are lines electrified with constant voltage. Serial production began the same year.

As of September 2016, six trains with numbers 0001-0003 and 0008-0010 were built. However, later the eight-car train No. 0003 was renumbered (assigned the number 0004) and added three more cars (at the end of 2018, the number 0003 was assigned to the two-car EP2D for Armenia). As of the end of 2016, 11 trains were known to be built (numbers 0001, 0002, and from 0004 to 0012); All of these trains except 0001 were delivered from the factory in 11-car trains. Since 2018, the composition began to vary greatly depending on the customer. All trains for the Moscow region, including express trains, continued to be produced in eleven-car trains, while for other regions they began to be produced in two-, four-, six- and eight-car trains. In 2020, serial construction of new trains continues.

In 2018, the EP2D-0050 electric train was produced, the head car of which (EP2D-005001) became the 9000th electric car of the DMZ. In 2020, the EP2D-0135 electric train was produced, the head car of which (EP2D-013501) became the DMZ’s 10,000th electric car.

Demikhovo Machinebuilding Plant or Demikhovsky Engineering Plant (DMZ) is a Russian open joint-stock company that makes trains. It has been awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.

The company became part of Transmashholding in accordance with the Decree of the Governor of Moscow Region Boris Gromov of 20 July 2001, submitted to the departmental submission to the Committee on Transport, Moscow region.

Since its inception in May 1935, the profile of Demikhov changed several times. There were activities in chemical engineering and the peat industry. But since 1992, the main products manufactured are electric multiple unit trains on 3000 V DC and 25 kV VAC at 50 Hz.

During its life, Demikhov has produced seventeen different types of trains and produced over 3,000 examples, operated in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan.

In 2006 Demikhovsky produced and sold 571 trains of types ED4M, ED9M, and ED4MK). Various spare parts sold for nearly $40 million. In 2006 the company presented its new development, the ED4MKM.

In 2007 Demikhovsky produced and sold 630 electric trains of types ED4M, ED9M, and ED9MK.

In 2008 the electric intermodal passenger transport train ED4MKM-AERO was certified.

Read more: History of railways with Alex Meltos ...