Best trucks of the USSR: Ural 375D has been one of the main all-wheel drive vehicles of the Soviet Army since the early 1960s. Many modifications were made for the army and the national economy. On its base, missiles rocket complexes were also created, such as the BM-21 Grad, and also tankers, cranes, radar stations.

Vadim Zadorozhny’s Museum of Equipment, Moscow

Years of production: 1961-1992

Country of origin: USSR

Issued: 110,000 items

Weight: 8.4 t

Power: 180 hp

Speed: 75 km / h

The Ural-375 is a general purpose 4.5 ton 6×6 truck produced at the Ural Automotive Plant in the Russian SFSR from 1961 to 1993. The Ural-375 replaced the ZIL-157 as the standard Soviet Army truck in 1979, and was replaced by the Ural-4320.

The Ural-375 was used, for example, as a platform for the BM-21 Grad rocket launcher, as a troop carrier, and as a supply carrier.

The Ural-375 comes in a variety of models (the list is not exhaustive):

Ural-375, the base model. It has a canvas roof, and no steel cabin
Ural-375A, a slightly longer model
Ural-375D, the most produced 375; it has a proper all-steel cabin
Ural-375E KET-L, a recovery vehicle equipped a front-mounted and a rear-mounted winch along with a jib crane.
Ural-375S, a 6×6 tractor
Ural-377, a civilian 6×4 truck
Ural-377S, a 6×4 tractor
Ural-375DM, modernized version of the Ural-375D, built at least until 1991


Conventional cab, 3 seats
Payload: 4,800 kg (10,580 lb)
Max. permissible mass: 13,200 kg (29,100 lb)
Suspension: live beam axles, leaf springs
Engine: 130 kW (180 PS) (GOST) ZIL-375Ya 7.0-litre V8 petrol (carburetor) pushrod engine
Gearbox: 5×2-speed gearbox
Max. speed: 75 km/h (47 mph)
Brakes: Pneumatic drum brakes
Fording depth: 1500 mm (59 in)
Dimensions: L×W×H = 7350 × 2690 × 2980 mm (289.4 × 105.9 × 117.3 in); includes tarpaulin
Track width: 2000 mm (78.7 in)
Turning circle: 22,000 mm (866 in)
Ground Clearance: 400 mm (15.7 in)
Tires: 360–510 mm (14–20 in), pressure 49–314 kPa (0.5–3.2 kgf/cm2)
Fuel tank: 300 + 60 L (79 + 16 US gal)
Fuel economy: 50–45 L/100 km (4.7–5.2 mpg‑US)

Read more: History of trucks with Jim Andrews ...