Tupolev Tu-204: Russian twin-engined medium-range narrow-body jet airliner

Tupolev Tu-204/214

Tu-204/214 is a Soviet and Russian medium-range narrow-body passenger aircraft, developed in the late 1980s – early 1990s at the Tupolev Design Bureau to replace the Tu-154 passenger aircraft on airlines. Designed for 164–215 passengers and a flight range of 4200–5920 km. Produced since 1990 at the Aviastar-SP plant in Ulyanovsk, and also since 1996 at the S.P. Gorbunov KAPO in Kazan (modification of Tu-214).

Aircraft of the Tu-204/214 family are cantilever monoplanes of a normal design with a low-swept wing and two turbofan engines mounted on pylons under the wing. The high aspect ratio wing is formed by supercritical profiles, has a negative aerodynamic twist, a positive transverse V angle (4°) and is installed at an angle of 3° 15’ to the fuselage horizontal plane. At the ends of the wing, vertical end wings (VCL) are installed – specially profiled aerodynamic surfaces (winglets) to reduce induced drag.

The wing mechanization consists of slats along the entire leading edge and double-slotted flaps. The landing gear is retractable, tricycle, with a nose strut. The power plant consists of two PS-90A or RB211-535E4 turbofan engines (modifications of Tu-204-120).

Tu-204 is one of the few passenger aircraft that in practice has confirmed the possibility of safely completing a flight with all engines inoperative. On January 14, 2002, Tu-204-100 aircraft No. 64011 of Siberia Airlines, flying from Frankfurt to Novosibirsk, ran out of fuel 17 km from Omsk airport in difficult weather conditions and made a successful landing with two engines inoperative. No one was injured during landing, and the plane soon returned to service.

Development: OKB Tupolev (USSR)

Assembly: Aviastar-SP (Ulianovsk, Russia) and KAPO (Kazan, Russia)

First flight: 1989

In service: since 1996

Production: 89

Crew: 3

Capacity: 210 seats

Engine: 2× PS-90A

Max speed: 850 km/h

Flight range: 8,400 km

Ceiling: 12,100 m

Max load capacity: 21 t

Price: 46,500,000 $

Read more: Aircrafts with Clark Perez ...