Baños de la Encina and its castle

Baños de la Encina is a municipality and town in the province of Jaén, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, located in the Sierra Morena region (Spain).

Since 2021 the city has been a part of the network The most beautiful towns in Spain.

Tourism and main attractions

Numerous buildings in the municipality of Baños de la Encina are registered in the General Catalog of Andalusian Historical Heritage, among which the Castle of Burgalimar, the Church of San Mateo and the Hermitage Jesús del Llano stand out.

Burgalimar Castle.

Church of San Mateo, in whose tabernacle there is a painting attributed to Murillo.

Hermitage of Cristo del Llano, in which it is worth highlighting a baroque dressing room.

Hermitage of the Virgen de la Encina, located between the olive groves, next to the holm oak where, according to tradition, she appeared to a farmer. The pilgrimage to the hermitage is celebrated on the second Sunday of the month of May.

The hermitage of Jesús del Camino, which is another small hermitage located approximately one km from the previous one. A small pilgrimage is held on the first Sunday of May.

Molino de Viento, an old windmill from the 18th century, located in the upper part of the municipality. It is built on ashlars and was rehabilitated a few years ago. It was endowed with blades (exclusively of an ornamental character), and inside it houses a small museum.

Old hermitage of Santa María del Cueto, of which only part of a small cistern that existed under it is currently preserved, and part of one of its walls, which were unearthed on the occasion of remodeling works in the surroundings of the Castle of Burgalimar.

Town of Peñalosa, from the Bronze Age, of which there is an extensive study carried out by researchers from the University of Granada and funded by the Junta de Andalucía.

How to get to?

From Jaen 40 min (52.8 km) via A-44

From Seville 2 hr 35 min (250 km) via A-4

From Madrid 3 hr 3 min (300 km) via A-4

Main information

Area: 392 km² (municipality)

Coordinates: 38°10′00″N 3°46′00″W

Population: 2567 (municipality)

Languages: Spanish

Currency: Euro

Visa: Schengen

Time: Central European UTC +1

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