FED-3 is a small-format rangefinder camera with interchangeable lenses, produced by the Kharkov production machine-building association “FED” from 1961 to 1980. The FED-2 differs from the previous model in the shutter slowdown mechanism and the presence of long shutter speeds, which is why the nominal rangefinder base is shortened. A total of 2,086,825 pieces were produced.

The camera with a fabric focal length shutter is housed in a cast aluminum body with a removable back wall. The film is loaded in brass (later zinc) FED curtain cassettes with a drop-down slot. In addition, standard Type-135 cassettes are compatible with the camera.

Until 1963, the FED-3 was produced only in a version with a cylindrical bolt cocking head, similar to the previous FED-2. Such cameras are easily distinguished by the stepped shape of the top panel. After 1963, production of the same model with a hammer cock and a single-level cover began. In 1965, production of the hammerless version was discontinued. Since 1970, a mechanism for blocking incomplete cocking of the bolt has been introduced.

There are several options for external design. Viewfinder with diopter adjustment +/- 2 diopters. The rangefinder base is reduced to 41 mm due to the need to accommodate the shutter delay mechanism. The standard lens is Industar-26M 2.8/50 or Industar-61 2.8/52. Since 1977, the camera began to be equipped with the latest Industar-61L/D lens, the design of which uses glass made from super-heavy crown with the addition of rare earth lanthanum. In this form, the camera was called “FED-3L”.

From 1964 to 1980, under the name “FED-4”, both hammerless and hammer-fired versions of “FED-3” with a built-in selenium exposure meter were produced. Due to the exposure meter, the height of the camera has increased due to the reshaped top shield. Another difference of the model is the geared film rewind handle. “FED-3” also served as the basis for the “FED-5V” camera, the production of which continued until the mid-1990s.

In the export version, the FED-3 was equipped with a high-aperture Jupiter-8 2.0/50 lens produced by KMZ and supplied to the Foto-Quelle retail chain under the name Revue-3. In 1969-1970, the FED-2 camera of the fourth edition was produced in small quantities in the body of the third “trigger” model without a delay mechanism.

Assembly: FED (Kharkov, USSR)

Years of production: 1961—1980

Production: 2,086,825

Length: 175 mm

Width: 110 mm

Height: 95 mm

Lens: “Industar-26M” 2.8/50

Photographic material: Film type 135

Frame size: 24×36 mm

Focusing: manual, using a rangefinder with a 41 mm base

Exposure: manual setting of shutter speed and aperture

Weight: 950 g

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