The Open Cooperative Web Framework enables the creation of cooperative web applications featuring concurrent real-time interactions among remote users and external data sources. The framework handles remote notification of user changes, the resolution of conflicting changes, and convergence of application state with minimal information from the application.
The current implementation of the framework is based on open web technologies such as AMD, Bayeux, and WebSockets. The framework includes:
A Python coweb server built on the Tornado web framework
A Java coweb server built on the CometD Java library
API documentation, tutorials, and examples
The Cooperative Web or Co-Web refers to a browser-based platform that promises to replicate the power of face-to-face communications via web-touch without sacrificing the quality of human interactions. A Co-Web enabled situational application exploits direct high-definition video mixed with web based telepresence to further increase conversational productivity. The objective of the Cooperative Web is to enrich collaborative web meetings with a browser metaphor that supports simultaneous interactions between meeting participants.
On October 3, 2011 IBM announced that the company was donating new software code to help health care and other industries work on shared content in real-time, on the Web. The code is from IBM Project Blue Spruce and will be donated to the Dojo Foundation’s Open Cooperative Web Framework (OpenCoweb).
Developed in the IBM labs, Project Blue Spruce allows people to simultaneously interact and update content in real-time via a web browser on computers and the Apple iPad and includes video chat. For example, using Project Blue Spruce, a sales rep could in a browser conduct a video chat with a client while they complete an online sales form together.
Today, researchers for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are using the IBM code to help analyze health records of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPDGene®).
“The online system we’ve been using on the COPDGene® patients is exciting and extremely impressive,” said James D. Crapo, MD and COPDGene® executive committee member. “With the online collaboration capabilities we now have at our fingertips, we’re in constant communication and are uncovering key trends that will help us to better understand the disease.”
iTel Companies, Inc. ( iTel) has created a mental health offering called iTelepsych.com. This customized telehealth solution uses IBM Blue Spruce Project code and allows patients to virtually meet and communicate with mental health providers via HIPAA-compliant video conferencing for real-time medical treatment from any location with an internet connection. In addition, medical professionals can expedite critical decision making by simultaneously manipulating data and collaboratively discussing brain images and lab results. iTelepsych.com can be customized for individual healthcare providers, and can provide a cohesive experience for the patient as the portal to HIPPA compliant telehealth consultations.
“iTelepsych.com helps doctors easily establish a practice with patients who are not able to leave their homes or attend typical in-office appointments. Now, with IBM Project Blue Spruce, people can access the mental healthcare they need even if they cannot come to a doctor’s office,” said Eric Greenman, MD, founder and chief medical officer, iTel.
IBM technology and the OpenCoweb Framework are a key component of the system utilized by COPDGene® investigators, correlating clinic and medical imaging findings to increase understanding of the disease processes and the underlying genetic factors. COPDGene® collaborators from around the globe can review and compare the clinical data and CT scan images of more than 10,000 individuals.
The system provides access to selected cases in real-time. Through graphic representations, the investigators are able to study outlying cases and select cases for further study in order to identify the features and genetic factors that influence the development of specific abnormalities seen in patients with COPD. The cooperative web methodology of the OpenCoweb Framework increases the data available to researchers and provides tools for data analysis. This has decreased repetitive requests for the same raw data from multiple individuals and opens new possibilities for data mining by the researchers.
“IBM believes an ongoing commitment to open source and cooperative applications is a critical component for building a smarter, healthier planet,” said David Boloker, chief technology officer, Emerging Technologies, IBM. “We are pleased to open code and drive innovation in partnership with the Dojo Foundation Project in an effort to streamline and enhance research and real-time interactive analysis of participant data.”