ZiS-8 passenger bus. Mosfilm studio museum in Moscow. Took part in the movies “The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed”, “Crimson Color of the Snowfall”, “Saboteur”, “MUR”, “Heaven on Fire”ю

ZIS-8 is a Soviet city bus on the long-wheelbase ZIS-11 chassis (lengthened from 3.81 to 4.42 m version of the ZIS-5), produced at the Moscow Automobile Plant Stalin from 1934 to 1936. Number of seats – 21 (total number of seats – 29).

The ZIS-8 had a six-cylinder in-line carburetor engine with a volume of 5.55 liters and a power of 73 hp. with., which allowed the bus with a gross weight of 6.1 tons to accelerate to 60 km / h.

Structurally, the ZIS-8 differed little from its predecessor, the AMO-4 bus, the body of the 1932 model of the “new standard” or “standard” type remained without significant changes. The main changes affected the chassis – the frame began to be reinforced with a lining along the spars, the engine became more powerful due to the larger piston diameter (101.6), the hydraulic brakes in the front were replaced with mechanical ones, in addition, a new cardan shaft with articulated joints of the Spicer No. 500 type appeared and with additional support. Chassis changes were common to all ZIS trucks, including bus chassis. The new bus received an increased fuel tank (110 liters instead of the previous 60 liters), a larger radiator and a 12-volt electrical system.

The bus body with a wooden frame, made of different types of wood, sheathed in metal, was built according to the design of the designer N.I. Frantsev and the artist ZIS I.F. German. They used the ZIS-5 chassis with a base extended by 610 mm.

In contrast to the then-adopted practice of manufacturing a wooden frame in the form of a non-separable cage, Herman proposed for the ZIS-8 to make “assembled” frame elements, and then from them – a whole assembly. The sides, back and front walls, doors, roof, floor base were made separately, and then assembled together. This solution greatly simplified and reduced the cost of assembly.

Read more: History of autobuses with Simon Bloyd ...