ZiL-3207

At the International Bus Week in Nice (Provence) in 1967, it won all the awards because its appearance was so revolutionary. France wanted to buy it in large quantities, but the Soviet Union was unable to fulfill the order. Henry Ford took a liking to the Soviet bus. He was so fascinated by it that he purchased it for his own use and attempted to obtain a license to manufacture it, but was refused.

The ZiL-3207, of course, had external similarities with previous models: it was produced with a power of 118 HP. The model it is based on, the ZiL-119, has almost the same characteristics. Thanks to its parameters, this Soviet minibus will give ideas to most modern minivans. These vehicles were mostly used by secret services, notably the KGB.

As for the chassis, it was borrowed from the ZiL-114 limousine. The braking system was also borrowed from the ZiL-114 car, as well as ventilated disc brakes installed on all its wheels. The suspension was independent, with front springs and rear leaf springs. In total, the car could accommodate 17 passengers, including the driver. If we compare the comfort of this car with modern cars, the latter wins, but they were quite luxurious and quite comfortable for their time.

A modification of 3207, called 32071, was produced for two years. As it was not successful, it was withdrawn in 1994.

Assembly: Moscow (USSR/Russia)

Years of production: 1993—1998

Production: 61 units

Length: 6910 mm

Width: 2120 mm

Height: 2035 mm

Capacity: 16+1

Engine: 8 cylinders; 6962 cm³

Power: 180 HP

Max speed: 120 km/h

Fuel consumption: 28 l/100 km

Weight: 3825 kg

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Read more: History of autobuses with Simon Bloyd ...