The Var, a coastal river in the South-East of France, flows into the Mediterranean Sea after streaming in the two departments of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region.

This river does not flow in the territory of the neighboring Var department to which it gave its name. Until the beginning of the 19th century, no bridge crossed this river; thus, it marked the border between France and the county of Nice, then part of the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.

Its source springs from Estenc, a hamlet in the commune of Entraunes. Its source is located at an altitude of 1,790 meters south of the Col de la Cayolle (2,326 m) in the Alpes-Maritimes. Its 114.3-kilometer route ends in the Mediterranean Sea, between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var.

In the two départements of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04) and Alpes-Maritimes (06), the Var crosses the following thirty-one communes, from upstream to downstream, from Entraunes (source): Saint-Martin-d’Entraunes, Villeneuve-d’Entraunes, Guillaumes, Daluis, Saint-Léger, Sausses, Castellet-lès-Sausses, Saint-Benoît, Entrevaux, Puget-Théniers, Rigaud, Touët-sur-Var, Villars -sur-Var, Malaussène, Massoins, Tournefort, Utelle, Revest-les-Roches, Bonson, Levens, La Roquette-sur-Var, Saint-Martin-du-Var, Saint-Blaise, Castagniers, Carros, Gattières, Saint- Jeannet, La Gaude, Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var (mouth).

The Var has its source in the canton of Vence and then crosses the canton of Castellane, canton of Tourrette-Levens, canton of Nice-3, canton of Cagnes-sur-Mer-2, confluences in the canton of Nice-9, in the districts of Nice, Grasse and Castellane.

Its main tributaries are the Cians, the Tinée, the Vésubie, the Coulomp, the Estéron, the Tuébi, the Chalvagne, the Barlatte, the Bourdous and the Roudoule.

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