The Tuileries Garden (sometimes the Tuileries Gardens in the plural) is a fenced park in the 1st arrondissement of Paris (France) created in the 16th century, on the site of old Palace which gave it its name.

It is bounded by the Louvre Palace to the southeast, Rue de Rivoli to the northeast, Place de la Concorde to the northwest and the Seine to the southwest. It is the most important and oldest French garden in the capital which, formerly, was that of the Tuileries Palace, a former royal and imperial residence, which has now disappeared. The Tuileries garden has been classified as a historic monument since 1914, within a site registered and included in the UNESCO world heritage protection concerning the banks of the Seine. The garden is today part of the national domain of the Louvre and the Tuileries.

It hosts several events such as the Rendez-vous aux jardins and the International Contemporary Art Fair (FIAC).

The area of the garden is 25.5 hectares, very comparable to that of the Luxembourg Garden (22.5 hectares).

History

In July 1559, after the accidental death of her husband, Henry II, Queen Catherine de’ Medici decided to leave her residence of the Hôtel des Tournelles, at the eastern part of Paris, near the Bastille. Together with her son, the new king of France François II, her other children and the royal court, she moved to the Louvre Palace. Five years later, in 1564, she decided to build a new residence with more space for a garden. For that purpose, Catherine bought land west of Paris, just outside the city Wall of Charles V. It was bordered on the south by the Seine, and on the north by the faubourg Saint-Honoré, a road in the countryside continuing the Rue Saint-Honoré. Since the 13th century this area had been occupied by tile-making factories called tuileries (from the French tuile, meaning “tile”). The new residence was called the Tuileries Palace.

Catherine commissioned a landscape architect from Florence, Bernard de Carnesse, to create an Italian Renaissance garden for the palace. The new garden was an enclosed space five hundred metres long and three hundred metres wide, separated from the new palace by a lane. It was divided into rectangular compartments by six alleys, and the sections were planted with lawns, flower beds, and small clusters of five trees, called quinconces; and, more practically, with kitchen gardens and vineyards. It was further decorated with fountains, a labyrinth, a grotto, and faience images of plants and animals, made by Bernard Palissy, whom Catherine had tasked to discover the secret of Chinese porcelain.

it was opened to the public in 1667 and became a public park after the French Revolution. Since the 19th century, it has been a place for Parisians to celebrate, meet, stroll and relax.

The two western terraces of the garden overlook the Place de la Concorde, and are separated by the formal entrance and central axis of the garden. The terrace by the Seine is close to the old western gateway of Paris, the Porte de la Conference, which was built by Henry III of France in the 16th century, and was in place until 1720. In the 17th century the terrace was occupied by a famous cabaret, la Garenne de Renard. Now it is home to the Musée de l’Orangerie, which was first built in 1852 under Napoleon III by the architect Firmin Bourgeois to shelter citrus trees during the winter.

Address: 75001 Paris, France.

Hours:

Monday 7 AM–9 PM
Tuesday 7 AM–9 PM
Wednesday 7 AM–9 PM
Thursday 7 AM–9 PM
Friday 7 AM–9 PM
Saturday 7 AM–9 PM
Sunday 7 AM–9 PM

See more:

20 arrondissements of Paris

Architecture of Paris

Museums of Paris

Entertainment in Paris

Bridges in Paris

Parks in Paris

Streets and squares in Paris

Shopping in Paris

Transport in Paris

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