The French steam locomotive 1-1-1 Buddicom №33 Saint-Pierre from 1844

The French steam locomotive 1-1-1 Buddicom №33 Saint-Pierre from 1844. Constructor: Allcard-Buddicom et Cie.

During the early 1840s Alexander Allan and William Buddicom of the Grand Junction Railway (GJR) created the design incorporating inclined outside cylinders and a double frame. It was built due to combat the frequent failure of crank axles on contemporary inside cylinder locomotive designs. The earliest examples were built by Buddicom at Chartreux for the Chemins de Fer de l’Ouest in 1844 where the type became known as ‘Le Buddicom’.

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