Journey to the border of the Kostroma and Ivanovo regions: the start of the Gorky reservoir

Journey to the border of the Kostroma and Ivanovo regions (Russia). In these places, the Yolnat, Nyomda and Unzha rivers flow into the Volga, and the huge Gorky reservoir begins.

There is a ferry crossing. Extraordinarily beautiful places where the famous director Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky was born.

Beaches under the church on the banks of the Volga.

Wild fabulous places. Silence, nature, grace.

More recently, there were continuous agricultural fields here, now there is a young forest and rested, fertile land in vast areas.

Gorky Reservoir, known colloquially as Gorky Sea, is an artificial lake in the central part of the Volga River in Russia, formed by a hydroelectric dam of Gorky Hydroelectric Station (now called Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Station) built in 1955 between the towns of Gorodets and Zavolzhye and filled in 1955 – 1957.

It spans for 430 km from the dam of Rybinsk to the dam of Gorodets through Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo and Nizhny Novgorod oblasts of Russia.

While it is relatively narrow and follows the natural riverbed of Volga in the upper part, it becomes up to 16 km wide downstream the town of Yuryevets.

The reservoir takes its name from the former name of the city of Nizhny Novgorod (actually situated some fifty kilometers downstream the dam), Gorky.

An industrial town of Zavolzhye was built on the right bank of the Volga along with the construction of the dam.

The filling of the reservoir resulted in the relocation of a number of villages and towns, such as Chkalovsk.

By Ivan Stepanyan

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