Stakheev mansion – Central House of Children of Railway Workers

The Stakheev mansion (palace, house) is a city estate in Moscow at 14 Novaya Basmannaya Street, building 1. An object of cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia of federal significance. Currently, the building houses the Central House of Children of Railway Workers.

A large property, along with the estate located here in the second half of the 18th century, was acquired in the 1890s by the merchant of the 1st guild, gold miner Nikolai Dmitrievich Stakheev. The old buildings were demolished, in their place in 1898 the architect Mikhail Bugrovsky built a rich mansion in the neo-Greek style, the sum of 1 million rubles was spent on the construction. Before that, Bugrovsky often worked for Stakheev, having built several tenement houses in Moscow on his orders.

The decoration in the mansion was carried out by the sculptor V. G. Gladkov.

The house has features of eclecticism. The facades of the mansion belong to the “Greek style”. The halls are made in different styles: classicism, baroque, “rocaille” living room, “Gothic” dining room, “Moorish” smoking room. The interiors are distinguished by a thorough study of finishing details, stained-glass windows, inlaid parquets, silk wallpapers, marble and stucco decor are used in the design.

From the entrance to the mansion, a white marble staircase leads to the Greek-style hall, which is decorated with columns and pilasters made of pink artificial marble. Tall lamps decorated with sphinxes are placed on the floor near the columns, and lamps similar to torches are installed in the niches of the walls. In the design of the walls and the coffered ceiling of the “Gothic” dining room, fine wood carvings are widely used. The walls and ceilings of the “Moorish” smoking room are covered with oriental ornaments, and solid slabs of rare stone species were used to create the window slopes of this room.

Stakheev took the eastern wing of the mansion under the gallery of his collection of paintings. An office was located in the western one.

In its garden there is the fountain “Goddess of the Night” (which is still in operation), crowned with a cast-iron sculpture of a girl with an electric lamp in her hand. The figure was made at the end of the 19th century by Parisian masters.

Behind the mansion there was a large garden (now Bauman park), on the territory of which the Belvedere ruin grotto was arranged.

Nearest metro: Kurskaya, Komsomolskaya (ring), Komsomolskaya (radial), Krasnye vorota.

See also Architecture of MoscowPalaces and most historic buildings of Moscow.

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