GAZ 51 R: cargo and passenger taxi truck. Made in 1959. Power – 70 hp. Moscow transport museum

The GAZ-51 (nickname Gazon) was a Soviet truck manufactured by GAZ. Its first prototypes were produced before the end of World War II and has been influenced by Studebaker US6. The mass production started in 1946.

A 2.5 ton 4×2 standard variant was joined in 1947 by almost identical 2 ton 4×4 GAZ-63. Both variants were powered by 70 PS (51 kW) 6-cylinder 3485 cc engine. GAZ-63s was manufactured with some changes until 1968 and production of GAZ-51 continued until 2 April 1975.

The trucks were also manufactured under the Soviet license in Poland (as the Lublin-51), North Korea (as the Sungri-58) and China (as the Yuejin NJ-130).


GAZ-51: Standard production version. Produced in 1946–1955.
GAZ-51A: Modernized GAZ-51. Produced in 1955–1975.
GAZ-51W: Export version based on GAZ-51A. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51B: Multifuel-powered version. Produced since 1949.
GAZ-51C: Farm truck version. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51F: GAZ-51 with experimental stratified charge engine.
GAZ-51I: Cab-chassis version. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51N: GAZ-51A with an extra fuel tank and GAZ-63 body. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51P: Tractor-trailer version. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51R: Utility taxi version. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51T: Cargo taxi version. Produced in 1956–1975.
GAZ-51Zh: LPG-powered version. Produced in 1954–1975.
GAZ-63: 4×4 version. Produced in 1948–1968.
GAZ-63A: 4×4 version with winch.
AP-41/GAZ-41: Prototype halftrack based on the GAZ-51.
GAZ-93: Dump truck version based on GAZ-51. Produced in 1951–1958.
GAZ-93A: Modernized GAZ-93. Produced in 1958–1975.
GAZ-93B: Export version of the GAZ-93A.
GAZ-93b: GAZ-93D with GAZ-93A chassis. Produced in 1956.
GAZ-93C: Prototype bulk cargo version.
GAZ-93D: Crop truck version.

Read more: History of trucks with Jim Andrews ...