Siemens Velaro D (DB Class 407): German high-speed electric multiple unit

Siemens Velaro D (DB Class 407)

The Velaro D is specifically designed for Deutsche Bahn international services from Germany. Designated DB’s Class 407, it is designed to run at speeds up to 320 km/h (200 mph) and comply with Technical Specifications for Interoperability and enhanced crashworthiness requirements. There are fire-proof equipment rooms and fire doors between cars. Velaro D is designed to be quieter and more reliable than the ICE 3 (Class 403/406).

The train is also expected to use up to 20% less energy than previous versions of ICE. This is achieved in part by improved body styling. It does not have the ICE3’s panorama lounge where passengers in the end coaches can see the tracks over the driver’s shoulder. The Class 407 has 460 seats: 111 in first class, 333 in second class and 16 in the bistro car. In total this is 37 more seats than the ICE 3, even though the seat pitch is unchanged. This is achieved by putting the traction equipment in compartments at either end of the train instead of hiding it behind panels the length of the train. Unlike all previous ICE versions, the passenger seating is all open-plan and there are no compartments.

The eight-coach Class 407 trains can couple up and work with their Class 403 and Class 406 predecessors. Eight of the 16 bogies per train are powered, and there are four independent sets of traction equipment per train: if two of them break down, the train can still run. For full international flexibility across Europe, it can function on any of four voltages. The fleet will be based in Frankfurt.

In December 2008 Deutsche Bahn signed a €500 million order for 15 trainsets. The train’s production stages were presented to the press in Krefeld on 28 April 2010, and three completed cars were displayed by Siemens on 22 September 2010 at InnoTrans. In June 2011, Deutsche Bahn ordered an additional Velaro D set (increasing the total to 16) in order to replace an ICE3MF set damaged in an accident in August 2010.

Manufacturer: Siemens (Germany)

Years of production: 2009—2012

Production: 17 trainsets

Capacity: 333 passengers

Track gauge: 1,435 mm

Power output: 4,200 kW

Max speed: 320 km/h

Empty weight: 454 t

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