SEPECAT Jaguar A: ground attack aircraft
The Jaguar programme began in the early 1960s, in response to a British requirement (Air Staff Target 362) for an advanced supersonic jet trainer to replace the Folland Gnat T1 and Hawker Hunter T7, and a French requirement (ECAT or École de Combat et d’Appui Tactique) for a cheap, subsonic dual role trainer and light attack aircraft to replace the Fouga Magister, Lockheed T-33 and Dassault Mystère IV.
In both countries several companies tendered designs: BAC, Hunting, Hawker Siddeley and Folland in Britain; Breguet, Potez, Sud-Aviation, Nord, and Dassault from France. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed in May 1965 for the two countries to develop two aircraft, a trainer based on the ECAT, and the larger AFVG (Anglo-French Variable Geometry).
Made in France and UK by Société Européenne de Production de l’avion École de Combat et d’Appui Tactique (SEPECAT)
First flight: 1968
Engine: 2 reactors Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour Mk.102
Speed: 1500 km/h (810 mp/h)
Range: 1100 km
Ceiling: 13 km (42,560 ft)