Sadovaya Street or Garden Street is a major thoroughfare in Saint Petersburg, Russia, passing through the historic city center.
From east to west, it begins near the Field of Mars, crosses the Moyka River at the First Sadovy Bridge, then passes over Spassky Island, the Kryukov Canal (at the Staro-Nikolsky Bridge), and Pokrovsky Island, before finally ending at the junction of the Griboyedov Canal and the Fontanka River.
The section from the Moyka to Gorokhovaya Street belongs to the Central District of the city, and the rest, to the Admiralteysky District. The street is 4376 m in length and about 8 m in width, and the distance between the buildings can be up to 18 m.
The street has great cultural and historical significance, passing by many historical and architectural monuments from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, including the Mikhailovsky, Engineer, and Moyka (Yusupov) palaces.
There are three bridges along the street:
1st Garden Bridge – connects Spassky and 1st Admiralteysky Islands across the Moika River, and also connects Sadovaya Street with the Swan Canal embankment and the western (odd) embankment of the Moyka River.
Staro-Nikolsky Bridge – connects the Spassky and Pokrovsky Islands through the Kryukov Canal near the buildings of the Nikolsky market and St. Nicholas Cathedral.
Malo-Kalinkin Bridge – connects the Kolomensky and Pokrovsky Islands through the Griboyedov Canal.
In the immediate vicinity of the street there are also Sennoy Bridge, Krasnogvardeisky Bridge, Novo-Nikolsky Bridge and Pikalov Bridge.
Among the figures in Russian history who lived on Sadovaya are Dmitry Milyutin, Aleksey Kuropatkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Demyan Bedny, Ivan Krylov, Mikhail Petrashevsky, Yuri Lisyansky, Apollon Maykov, Yevgeny Tarle, and Sergei Prokofiev.
There are 4 stations of the St. Petersburg Metro on Sadovaya Street, through which the main passenger traffic of the city passes:
Gostiny Dvor is located at the intersection of Sadovaya and Nevsky Prospekt.
Sennaya Square is located on the square of the same name.
Spasskaya is the terminus of the Pravoberezhnaya Line of the St. Petersburg Metro. The station was put into operation on March 7, 2009.
Sadovaya is located on the 5th line between the stations “Zvenigorodskaya” and “Sportivnaya”.
Tram traffic is organized along the entire length of the street:
Route number 3 follows from Repin Square along the entire street and further along the route.
Route No. 16 on the section from Lermontovsky Prospekt to Staro-Kalinkin Bridge and further along the route.
Route No. 41 has a terminal at Turgenev Square and follows to the Staro-Kalinkin Bridge and further along the route.
The most developed type of public transport on Sadovaya Street are social and commercial buses. Thus, Sennaya Square is the terminus for many routes linking the city center with the Finland Station, Moskovsky District, South-West, Vasilyevsky Island and Kupchino.
There are five bus routes along Sadovaya Street:
No. 49 (Dvinskaya street – Finland Station)
No. 50 (Malaya Balkanskaya Street – Theater Square)
No. 70 (Dvinskaya street – Sadovaya street – Baltiysky railway station – Dvinskaya street)
No. 71 (Dvinskaya street – Baltiysky railway station – Sadovaya street – Dvinskaya street)
No. 181 (Marshal Tukhachevsky Street – Repin Square)