Obukhov Hospital building by Giacomo Quarenghi

Obukhov Hospital is one of the first city hospitals in Russia. At present, the naval therapy clinic of the S. M. Kirov Military Medical Academy is located in the building of the former women’s building in St. Petersburg, most of the buildings are closed for reconstruction.

Despite the fact that the first city public hospital, which was named Obukhovsky along the nearby Obukhovsky Prospekt and Obukhovsky Bridge, had been operating since 1779, its grand opening on the embankment of the Fontanka River took place on August 16 (27), 1780.

Initially, the hospital had 60 beds, including “dolgauz” (the first psychiatric institution in the city), and was located in several wooden rooms on the territory of the former estate of A.P. Volynsky, who was executed under Empress Anna Ioannovna.

The first stone building, in which the building of the men’s department for 300 beds was located, was erected by architects G. Quarenghi and L. Ruska in 1784 on the Fontanka. The construction of this building was made according to the plan of the life surgeon of Empress Catherine II, von Kelchen, who took the Vienna hospital as a model.

Then, in 1836-1839, from the side of Zagorodny Prospekt, P. S. Plavov built a building for the women’s department with 200 beds. And in 1866, the architect I.V. Shtrom erected two more buildings for 300 beds along the Vvedensky Canal, one of which was named “Prince’s” in honor of Prince P.G. Oldenburgsky.

Address: Zagorodny Ave., 47, St. Petersburg. Neasret metro: Spasskaya.

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