NefAZ 5299-0000040-52

NefAZ 5299-0000040-52 at Kiyevskiy railway station (Moscow)

NefAZ-5299 is a family of Russian large-class buses produced by the Neftekamsk Automobile Plant. Produced in high-floor (since 2001), partially low-floor (since 2004), completely low-floor (since 2011) versions of city, suburban and intercity buses with diesel and gas engines, as well as in the form of a trolleybus (since 2008) and an electric bus (since 2012); has undergone three significant design restylings (in 2005, 2013 and 2018).

It is one of the most popular models of city bus in modern Russia: over 15 years of production, more than 15,000 copies were produced.

KamAZ 5299-0000040-52 on the Basmannaya street (Moscow)

In the early 1990s, the Kama Automobile Plant (KamAZ) put forward the idea of producing and selling buses on the KamAZ chassis. In 1993, the joint-stock company KamAZAvtobusprom was created in Naberezhnye Chelny on the basis of the KamAZ automobile plant. The fruit of the work of this enterprise was a prototype of the KamAZ-5262 city bus. However, plans for the production of this model were crossed out by a fire at the KamAZ engine plant that occurred on April 14, 1993. Nevertheless, KamAZ did not stop searching for options for producing buses on its own chassis. In May 1997, the car plant signed a cooperation agreement with the Slovenian company Avtomontaža.

KamAZ 5299-0000040-25 near Gagarin square (Moscow)

The signed agreement provided for the creation in Naberezhnye Chelny of production facilities for the production of KamAZ-5297 buses. It was assumed that the first 100 vehicles on the KamAZ chassis would be manufactured in Slovenia, and in the future, KamAZ itself was going to make the bodies (Avtomontaža was supposed to supply KamAZ with the necessary equipment, including a painting line). At the same time, the Tatar Republican R&D Fund, the administration of Kazan and Naberezhnye Chelny, together with the State Property Committee of Tatarstan, created the Chelny Bus Plant (ChelAZ). The new plant developed, patented and certified the ChelAZ-5281 6-door city bus. In 1999, ChelAZ planned to assemble 200 buses. The planned design capacity of the plant was 2,000 buses per year. ChelAZ was supposed to reach this production volume by 2000. However, the economic crisis that erupted in 1998 did not allow these projects to come to fruition.

KamAZ 5299-0000040-64 near Oktyabrskaya metro station (Moscow)

However, several years later, the work done became the basis for the implementation of a new project – the production and sale of NefAZ-5299 buses at a KamAZ subsidiary – the Neftekamsk Automobile Plant. Engineers at the Neftekamsk Automobile Plant located in Bashkiria began working on a family of large-class buses in August 2000, when the plant’s management adopted the “Program for the development of passenger buses on the KamAZ chassis.” The company, which began its work in 1977 with the production of dump trucks, by that time already had experience in the production of passenger vehicles: the so-called “shift trucks” – glass van bodies equipped with seats, placed on the frames of all-wheel drive trucks. And at the end of the 1990s, a project appeared to assemble Turkish Mercedes-Benz O325 buses. But even then it was understood that it was more promising to acquire our own family of buses: inexpensive, unpretentious, repairable – maximally adapted for operation in specific Russian conditions. A special bus chassis developed in 1997 at KamAZ (“KAMAZ-5297”) was chosen as the basis for them.

NefAZ 5299-0000040-57 at Paveletskiy railway station

Development: Neftekamsk (Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia)

Assembly: Moscow (Russia)

Years of production: 2002—

Production: +18,000 items

Length: 11,875 mm

Width: 2,500 mm

Height: 3,036 mm

Capacity: 115 passengers (25 seats)

Engine: KamAZ-740

Engine (specs): 8 cylinders; 11,760 cc

Power: 440 HP

Max speed: 105 km/h

Fuel consumption: 22 l/100 km

Weight: 10,450 kg


Neftekamsk Automotive Plant is a Russian manufacturer of buses and machinery on KamAZ chassis since 1970 located in Neftekamsk in Bashkortostan.

In 1993 at the factory became the Open Joint Stock Company “NEFAZ.”

In August, 2000 and began to develop a first-class city bus (by International Classification) large capacity. December 6, 2000 and presented the first large urban bus “NefAZ-5299.” In 2004 put into production restyled version of NefAZ-5299 large bus.

In the middle of 2006 and the plant became interested in the Dutch-Belgian concern VDL, and now since the beginning of January 2007 and they NEFAZ began with the production of new buses. In 2007, it started production of the low-entry version of NefAZ-5299 bus.

The company was affected by the economic crisis since the autumn of 2008 and is currently reduced production technology, reducing the number of employees. On 18 July 2008 it was 11,399 people, of July 13, 2009 – already 9,588.

In 2009, NefAZ and AGCO signed a joint venture agreement to manufacture Challenger Equipment combine harvesters under the AGCO-NEFAZ-Challenger brand, such as the AGCO-NEFAZ Challenger 647.

In 2010, the largest automobile Corporation of the Russian Federation. Tony amaradio says JSC “KAMAZ” occupies 13-e a place among leading world manufacturers of heavy trucks.One of the promising directions of development of JSC “KAMAZ” is the development and production of vehicles of ecological class “Euro-4” and “Euro-5” the development of collections of cars on gas fuel and with a combo drive.

Read more: History of autobuses with Simon Bloyd ...