Kursky railway station (in 1896-1935, it was called Kursk-Nizhny Novgorod) is the passenger terminal of the Moscow-Passenger-Kurskaya station, one of the ten railway stations in Moscow. It is located at Zemlyanoy Val Street, 29 (Garden Ring), Moscow.
Kursk Station is part of the Moscow Regional Directorate of the Directorate of Railway Stations.
It is the starting point of the Kursk and Gorky directions of the Moscow Railways – railway lines to Kursk and Nizhny Novgorod, respectively, as well as the station of the MCD-2 “Kursko-Rizhsky” line of the Moscow Central Diameters.
The station is located on the Garden Ring. Near the station, there are metro stations “Kurskaya of the Koltsevaya line”, “Kurskaya of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line” and “Chkalovskaya” of the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya line, as well as the shopping and entertainment center “Atrium” with its famous street art paintings.
The Moscow station of the Kursk (Southern) railway received its first passengers on November 17, 1866, with the opening of the Moscow-Serpukhov section. The first wooden one-story facility of the station was built about three hundred meters north of the modern one at Bolshoi Nikolsky Lane.
The new building, located on the square in front of the Garden Ring, was built according to the project of the architect Nikolai Orlov. The new station building was designed of white stone and was spacious. Its main halls were covered with glass lanterns, which gave much light.
In 1968-1972, Georgy Voloshinov performed a radical reconstruction of the building with the participation of young architects V. Evstigneev, N. Panchenko, Mikhail Anikst, Tatyana Barkhina and Leopold Malashonok. According to Voloshinov, Termini Station in Rome inspired the new project. Barkhina also noted that the project of the Kursk station borrowed elements from her project of the station in Sofia.
The new building received a 200-meter glazed facade, lined with a grid of aluminum bindings, and an original folded roof with a 9-meter peak.
The old building was included in the new one, retaining the architectural decor in its central part.
Kursky Station has nine passenger platforms (including four dead ends) and 17 tracks, including seven dead ends and ten through passages to the Alekseevskaya connecting line. The double-track line to Kursk and the three-track line to Nizhny Novgorod leave to the southeast, while the double-track Alekseevskaya connecting line, connecting the station with lines to St. Petersburg, Volokolamsk and Smolensk, leaves to the north.
Kursky railway station in Moscow is one of the leaders in passenger traffic. More than 6.5 million passengers are served here every month.
Transit through the station are trains connecting St. Petersburg with other cities in Russia and neighboring countries. Trains run to Nizhny Novgorod, Izhevsk, Volgograd, Chelyabinsk, Kislovodsk, Adler, Baku, Kursk, Belgorod, Orel.
In summer, more trains are also scheduled to Anapa, Yeysk, Novorossiysk, and Nizhny Novgorod, as well as high-speed electric trains of the Lastochka type to Ivanovo. Trains of the Gorky direction depart from the first (low) platform. Part of the trains through the connecting branch of Tsaritsyno – Biryulyovo-Tovarnaya goes in the Paveletsky direction. All long-distance trains leave from the main platform (five platforms, nine tracks are used).
Most suburban trains in the Kursk direction go through Moscow-Kurskaya in transit through the stops: Moscow-Kalanchevskaya, Rizhskaya, then to the Rizhskoye (until November 21, 2019, also Smolenskoye) direction.