Monument to Timiryazev

Monument to Timiryazev – a monument to the natural scientist and specialist in plant physiology Kliment Timiryazev.

The monument was erected in 1923 in Moscow on Tverskoy Boulevard near Nikitsky Gate Square. The authors of the monument are sculptor Sergey Merkurov and architect Dmitry Osipov.

The monument and pedestal are made of black Swedish granite.

The scientist is depicted in the robes of a doctor of the University of Cambridge, in which he was an honorary member.

The sculpture is carved from two pieces of stone. This is because, during the manufacture of the statue in Moscow warehouses, there was no monolith of the required size. Because of this, Sergey Merkurov had to distort the proportions, and the figure of the scientist looked elongated.

On the pedestal is a curve of dependence of assimilation on sunlight, determined by Timiryazev in his work on plant physiology. Stylized granite microscopes are installed next to the monument at the entrance to the boulevard.

Kliment Arkadievich Timiryazev (1843 – 1920) was a Russian Imperial botanist and physiologist and a major proponent of the Evolution Theory of Charles Darwin in Russia. He founded a faculty of vegetable physiology and a laboratory at the Petrovskoye Academy.

Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, the Timiryazevskaya station of the Moscow Metro, the lunar crater Timiryazev and the asteroid 6082 Timiryazev are named after him. In Vinnytsia, the Regional Universal Scientific Library is named after Kliment Timiryazev. The Timiryazev State Museum of Biology in Moscow is also named after him.

Nearest metro: Arbatskaya (Filyovskaya Line)Arbatskaya (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line), Pushkinskaya, Chekhovskaya, Tverskaya.

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