The monument to Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, the work of Alexander Mikhailovich Opekushin, was erected in Moscow on June 6 (18), 1880. The monument is made of bronze. It was initially installed at the beginning of Tverskoy Boulevard on Strastnaya Square (now Pushkinskaya). In 1950, the monument was moved to the opposite side of the square to Tverskaya street.
The monument’s restoration was conducted twice – in 1993 and 2003. Its major restoration was completed in 2017. The Cadastral Chamber of Moscow and the Department of Cultural Heritage of the capital put Pushkin’s monument into the Unified State Register of Real Estate (EGRN) as an object of cultural heritage.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era. He is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Pushkin was born into the Russian nobility in Moscow. His father, Sergey Lvovich Pushkin, belonged to an old noble family. His maternal great-grandfather was Major-General Abram Petrovich Gannibal, a nobleman of African origin who was kidnapped from his homeland and raised in the emperor’s court household as his godson.
He published his first poem at the age of 15. He was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum near St. Petersburg. Upon graduation from the Lycée, Pushkin recited his controversial poem “Ode to Liberty,” one of several that led to his exile by Emperor Alexander I. While under the strict surveillance of the emperor’s political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.
Pushkin was fatally wounded in a duel with his wife’s alleged lover and her sister’s husband, Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d’Anthès, also known as Dantes-Gekkern, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment.
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