LiAZ-5292

LiAZ-5292 (Russian: ЛиАЗ-5292) is the Russian city low-floor bus of a large class, manufactured in the Likino Autobus Factory (Likino, Russia) since 2004. It is the first low-floor bus, produced in Russia. It is intended for cities with high traffic. Until June 2020, at least 9,442 buses were manufactured, sent to: Moscow (54%), Moscow Oblast (15%), Saint Petersburg (6%), Nizhny Novgorod (5%), Tyumen (2%), Volgograd (2 %) and several other cities, including abroad.

History

Since 1986, the Likinsky Bus Plant has produced the LiAZ-5256 high-floor bus. It is clear that by the end of the 1990s and beginning of the 2000s, modern trends in bus construction required the creation of a low-floor bus. So, since 1996, the Minsk Automobile Plant has been producing the MAZ-103 semi-low-floor bus, but LiAZ didn’t even have one. Already in 2003, designers presented at the Moscow Motor Show the first low-floor bus LiAZ-5292, in fact created on the basis of the serial high-floor bus LiAZ-5256, and had exactly the same power unit. After the exhibition, the first copy arrived in Perm, where it still operates on routes. After the presentation, the plant began mass production of the model, but still in small quantities due to low quality.

In 2005, the plant assembled the first model bus with a gas engine – LiAZ-5292.70. The plant’s second attempt to assemble a gas bus was the LiAZ-5292.71 model, first introduced in 2010, its mass production began in 2012.

During production, LiAZ-5292 was restyled several times: the latest buses are completely different, not similar to the very first ones.

Modifications

The first version of the bus, built in 2003, is called LiAZ-5292.00. It is equipped with a Caterpillar 3126E diesel engine. In addition to Moscow, they worked on the streets of Ivanovo, Kursk, and Voronezh. Due to the low quality of the bus, it was produced only until 2006. In Moscow, all LiAZ-5292.00 buses were written off by 2016.

In 2005, the LiAZ-5292.70 bus was built with a Cummins CGe 250 30 gas engine. The first copy worked on Moscow routes until 2013, and was written off in 2015 due to poor quality. The second bus was built in 2006 and operated on the streets of Veliky Novgorod until 2012. The third copy in 2010 was converted from a LiAZ-5292.20 diesel bus and did not leave the plant.

Since 2007, the plant began producing a modernized modification of the LiAZ-5292.20, developed specifically for Mosgortrans. And all buses of this model were initially delivered to the capital. The buses were equipped with MAN D0836 LOH04 diesel engines. Since 2011, the engine was replaced with MAN D0836 LOH41, and at the same time buses began to be delivered only to the regions. Moreover, it is interesting that the engine was located longitudinally, as on the high-floor LiAZ-5256. The production stopped in 2012.

Since 2011, instead of LiAZ-5292.20, production of a new modification of LiAZ-5292.21 with a MAN D0836 LOH56 diesel engine began. The interior design of the bus was changed, which became similar to the interiors of the articulated buses LiAZ-6213. Also, at the request of the customer, air conditioning was installed on the buses. It was produced until 2013.

Since 2011, the plant has launched production of the LiAZ-5292.22 model with MAN D0836 LOH65 Euro-5 diesel engines, as well as an updated interior and driver’s cabin. Due to the low quality of the engine, Moscow buses have been modernized since 2017, replacing them with the YaMZ-53633 engine, as on the LiAZ-5292.65 buses.

Since 2012, the plant has been producing a serial gas modification LiAZ-5292.71 with a MAN E0836 LOH01 engine.

In 2013, the plant launched production of the LiAZ-5292.60 modification with the YaMZ-536111 engine. It was produced until 2017 and was also supplied to Kazakhstan. In 2014-2016, a modification shortened to 10.5 meters was produced, LiAZ-5292.60-60. The bus was produced in 2 versions: 3-door and suburban 2-door. All 122 buses arrived at the State Unitary Enterprise Mostransavto. Based on the developments of the LiAZ-5292.60-60 model, the low-floor middle class bus LiAZ-4292 was created.

In 2013-2014, the LiAZ-5292.30 modification was produced, equipped with a Scania DC09 91A engine. In addition, the body design of the bus was changed. LiAZ-5292.30 buses operated during the 2014 Olympics in Sochi.

In 2016-2017, a modification of LiAZ-5292.56 was produced. The buses were produced for Belgrade (Serbia) in the amount of 41 copies. They were distinguished by the installation of a Cummins engine of Euro-6 environmental class, as well as the installation of a more powerful air conditioner.

Since 2016, the plant has launched production of the LiAZ-5292.65 modification with the YaMZ-53633 diesel engine in a restyled body.

In the 2017, production of the LiAZ-5292.65-79 model began – with a new dashboard, monitors in the cabin, buttons for addressable door opening, and a row of seats near the engine shaft also disappeared. At the end of 2017, production of the LiAZ-5292.65-80 modification with a training cabin began.

Since 2019, Mostransavto has been producing a suburban modification LiAZ-5292.65.03 – a semi-low-floor two-door bus with luggage racks.

Since 2020, buses for Moscow have been produced with the KAMAZ-6282 electric bus front.

Manufacturer: Likino autobus plant (Likino-Dulyevo, Russia)

Years of production: 2003—

Capacity: 114 (28 seats)

Engine: YaMZ-53633 (Euro V)

Engine (specs): 6 cylinders; 6650 cc

Power: 276 HP

Max speed: 85 km/h

Fuel consumption: 20-40 l/100 km

Weight: 11,050 kg

Read more: History of autobuses with Simon Bloyd ...