Kosmodamianskaya embankment (in 1922-1936 – Prichalnaya, Komissariatskaya, Pupyshevskaya and Krasnokholmskaya embankments, in 1936-1993 – Maxim Gorky embankment) is an embankment of the Moskva River in the Zamoskvorechye district of the Central Administrative District of Moscow. Lies between Bolshoy Ustinsky and Shlyuzovoy Bridge. The numbering of houses is carried out from the Raushskaya embankment.
In the 1920s, there was a passenger pier for long-distance steamers on the embankment, from where steamers departed to Ryazan and Nizhny Novgorod. Until the 1990s, the Krasnokholmsky Bridge wharf operated on the embankment of the intracity line Kyiv Station-Novospassky Bridge.
Modern development of the embankment took shape in the late 1940s and 1950s. Directs passage to the south, to Derbenevskaya embankment, the embankment received only in 1965 with the construction of the Sluice Bridge. In the 1990s, the reconstruction of the Krasnye Holmy industrial zone began; in the southern part of the island arose built in the so-called Luzhkov-style new complex, which includes the Moscow House of Music, the Riverside Towers business center, the five-star hotel Swissotel Krasnye Holmy and the Swissôtel Conference Center.
Notable buildings and facilities
No. 2 – Moscow University of Design and Technology (former Leather Institute, then Institute of Light Industry; 1930-1931, architect B. V. Efimovich).
No. 4/22 B – The residential building of the Electrode Plant: an eleven-storey residential building, an example of the Stalinist Empire style (1954, architect M. I. Sinyavsky). In 1963-1977, the architect P.P. Steller lived here.
No. 4/22 B – a monument to Nikolai Nekrasov was erected near the building.
No. 24 – The building of the Krigskomissariat (1778-1780, with the participation of architects Nicolas Legrand and, presumably, V.I. Bazhenov. In the courtyard, according to reference books of the 1970s, there are the ruins of the chambers of the 16th century. In the 17th-18th centuries the palace of Ernest Biron was located here.
No. 26, building 1 (goes directly onto the embankment) – a two-storey mansion that received a “historical appearance” in the 1990s during the restructuring of former car repair shops.
No. 26, building 2 (in the courtyard) – chambers of the 18th century.
No. 28A is a mansion from the early 19th century.
No. 32-34 – residential building. Linguist O.S. Shirokov physicist, Nobel Prize winner I.M. Frank lived here.
No. 36 – a residential building in which the famous spy Oleg Penkovsky lived (apt. 59) and conducted secret activities.
No. 46/50, in the courtyard (Sadovnicheskaya street, 73, building 3) – a two-storey house of the 18th – first half of the 19th century. Here is the editorial office of the journal “Atomic Energy”.
No. 52, building 1 – RiverSide Towers Business Center (built in 1996).
No. 52, p. 5 – Moscow International House of Music (2000-2002, project authors Y. Gnedovsky, V. Krasilnikov, D. Solopov).
No. 52, building 6 – the five-star Swissôtel Krasnye Holmy hotel with the City Space panoramic bar; dominant of the Riverside Towers complex.
Length – 1.6 km.
Nearest metro stations: Paveletskaya, Novokuznetskaya, Tretyakovskaya, Taganskaya, Marksistskaya.