Ibiza (officially in Catalan: Eivissa) is a Spanish city and municipality in the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. It is the capital of the island of the same name and is located in the eastern part of it.

Its economic activity falls eminently within the services sector, with the tourism industry and small commerce as its fundamental axes. Given its character as the main city, Ibiza assumes the functions of a capital, offering many of its services to the rest of the island’s municipalities. It houses the headquarters of the Ibiza Island Council (an island government body similar to the Canarian councils).

The port of Ibiza, located in a natural bay, is the main access by sea to the city and in turn is the main access, along with the airport, for the entire island.

History

Iboshim, the city of Bes, was founded by the Phoenicians in 654 BC. C. (according to classical texts). The urban core was made up of an acropolis and a port area on the shore of the bay. It also had temples and artisan areas with important pottery shops. It also has one of the largest necropolises from the Punic era with nearly 3,000 hypogeums excavated in the rock on a hill near the city called Puig des Molins. It is estimated that in the 5th century B-C the city had between 4000 and 5000 inhabitants. Later it was an ally of the Carthaginians, becoming a commercial center of great vitality that exported manufactured products to different places in the Mediterranean.

At the end of the 3rd century B-C, the island was attacked by the Romans after the naval battle at the mouth of the Ebro, according to written sources. After three days of attacks and fearing the arrival of the Carthaginian fleet, the Romans withdrew, leaving the island devastated by their plundering.

After the destruction of Carthage in 146 B-C, the city maintained its political and commercial autonomy and continued, even with greater intensity, commercial and industrial activity as a federated city of Rome, a federation of which the year of its beginning is not known.

This stage ended when Vespasian converted it into a Roman municipality in the year 70, with the name of Municipius Flavius Ebusitanum and normally known as Ebusus.

A period of decline then began that lasted almost the entire Roman imperial phase until the arrival of the Vandals in the year 424, and its subsequent occupation by the Byzantines and Arabs.

The city was conquered on August 8, 1235 by troops of the archbishop of Tarragona Guillem de Montgrí, the infante Pedro of Portugal and the nobleman Nuno Sanç under the command of James I the Conqueror (king of Aragon).

The old part of the city is known as Dalt Vila (upper city). The medieval area of Dalt Vila was fortified by Philip II to protect the city from attacks by Ottomans and pirates, since the triple defensive enclosure, of Arab origin, was not enough. The works were commissioned by the Italian engineer Giovanni Battista Calvi.

This fortified enclosure, completed at the end of the 16th century, is one of the best preserved bastioned enclosures, along with that of Cartagena de Indias, and has been part of the World Heritage Site since 1999.

It has two official languages, Catalan and Spanish. Due to tourism, many people speak other languages. There are many affinities with Phoenician-Arabic culture, customs and gastronomy (folklore, gastronomy, social customs) due to its history.

Ibiza became world famous in the sixties, thanks to the hippie movement. Today there are still some hippie colonies on the island, but colonies of the clubber movement are also established there. Although it is still visited for its beaches, its nightlife, its trendy nightclubs, its shops and its trendy terraces.

Best restaurants

There are 5 Michelin list restaurants in Ibiza:

La Gaia, Paseo Juan Carlos I 17, Eivissa, 07800, Spain, · Fusion (1 star)

Omakase by Walt, Canonge Joan Planells 8, Eivissa, 07800, Spain, · Japanese cuisine (1 star)

Can Font, Plaza de España 4, Eivissa, 07800, Spain, · Modern Cuisine

1742, Major 3, Eivissa, 07800, Spain, · Creative cuisine

Ca n’Alfredo, Vara de Rey 16, Eivissa, 07800, Spain, · Traditional Cuisine

How to get to?

Airport

The Ibiza Airport (IATA: IBZ) is the international airport serving the Balearic Islands of Ibiza and Formentera in Spain located 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of Ibiza Town.

Road

The Ibiza’s road network connect Ibiza to Sant Antoni, San José, San Juan and Santa Eulalia.

Main information

Area: 11,14 km²

Coordinates: 38°54′32″N 1°25′58″E

Language: Spanish, Catalan

Population: 50,715

Currency: Euro

Visa: Schengen

Time: Central European UTC +1

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