In 2015 Andorra joined the list of 49 “Countries with very high human development index”. As it’s reported in the “Human development Report-2015″ issued by UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, the list includes 49 countries. Andorra takes the 34th place between Qatar and Slovakia. The list is headed by Norway, followed by Australia, Switzerland, Denmark and the Netherlands. USA and Canada are on the 8th and 9th places respectively.
Russia heads the second list of the “Countries with high human development index”. Compared to the 2014 year, Russia rose from 43d place in the list. Russia and Belarus share 50th place. This list of countries also includes Oman, Kazakhstan, Bulgaria, Malaysia and others.
List of “Countries with a medium level of human development index” is shared by such countries as Botswana, South Africa, Gabon, Vietnam, Bolivia, Iraq and others.
In the list of “Countries with low human development index” there are mainly the countries of Africa.
The “Human development Index” was first used in 1990 by economist Mahbuba-ul-Haq from Pakistan. Currently this index is used by various UN organizations as an indicator of the development of the states without reference to economic parameters.
The human development index determines the set of such concepts as “standards of living”. Such indexes as health of the nation, a parameter of longevity, the availability of primary and tertiary education, literacy and others are used to calculate “Human development Index”.