House of the Provincial Government

The House of the Provincial Government is building government offices in the northeast of Red Square in Moscow.

From Catherine’s time to the administrative reforms of Alexander II, the Moscow province’s six-voice Duma, and provincial institutions were located in the building.

The building overlooking the Resurrection Gate of the Kitay-Gorod Wall was built during Anna Ioannovna as a new (western) building of the Kitay-Gorod Mint. According to the project of Peter Friedrich Heiden, its walls are decorated with flat risalits, pilasters, and baroque cornices.

During the reign of Catherine II, this building, according to the project of M.F. Kazakov, the main hall of the provincial government offices with stucco decoration in the style of classicism, was equipped. Above the hall where the six-member council met, in 1806, a characteristic town hall tower was built, which served as a fire tower.

At the end of the 19th century, the building of the Moscow City Duma was added to the house of the provincial government from the south. Initially, it was supposed to be built on Red Square, on the foundations of an old building. However, the tower, which repeated its outlines of the tower of the Main Pharmacy on the other side of the lane, was demolished in the early 1930s after the Resurrection Gate was demolished.

The building, which forms the main entrance to Red Square from the east, is a cultural monument of federal significance and is at the disposal of the State Historical Museum. In addition, it is leased to commercial organizations (in particular, for a jewelry store).

Address: Nikolskaya Street, 5/1с5, Moscow.

Nearest metro stations: Okhotny Ryad, Teatralnaya, Revolution Square, Kitay-gorod.

Red square ensemble (full list):

State Historical Museum

Lenin mausoleum

GUM department store

St. Basil’s Cathedral

Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God

Spasskaya Tower

Senate Tower

Nikolskaya Tower

Lobnoye Mesto

Monument to Minin and Pozharsky

See also Architecture of MoscowPalaces and most historic buildings of Moscow.

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