Gordini (France) racing cars from An automobile museum (Cité de l’Automobile) in Mulhouse
Gordini (French pronunciation is a division of Renault Sport Technologies (Renault Sport). In the past, it was a sports car manufacturer and performance tuner, established in 1946 by Amédée Gordini (1899–1979), nicknamed “Le Sorcier” (The Sorcerer). Gordini became a division of Renault in 1968 and of Renault Sport in 1976.
Amédée Gordini tuned cars and competed in motor races since the 1930s. His results prompted Simca (the French assembler of Fiat) to hire him for its motorsport program and to develop road cars. Their association continued after World War II.
In 1946, Gordini introduced the first cars bearing his name, Fiat-engined single-seaters raced by him and José Scaron, achieving several victories. In the late 1940s, the company opened a workshop at the Boulevard Victor in Paris, entering sports car and Grand Prix races. Gordini and Simca started to diverge in 1951 because of political conflicts.
Gordini competed in Formula One from 1950 to 1956 (with a brief return in 1957 with an eight cylinder engine), although it achieved a major success in Formula Two during that period.
After its Formula One program ended, Gordini worked with Renault as an engine tuner, entering Renault-Gordini cars at the 24 Hours of Le Mans between 1962 and 1969. It also tuned engines for Alpine, a rival sports car manufacturer also associated with Renault. In 1957, Gordini and Renault manufactured the Dauphine Gordini, a modified version of the Renault Dauphine which was a sales success.
Gordini-tuned Renault cars also won various rallies during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1963, the Gordini company planned to move its headquarters to Noisy-le-Roi. At the end of 1968, Amédée Gordini retired and sold a 70% majority stake from his firm to Renault. Renault-Gordini was moved to Viry-Châtillon in 1969 and became a sport division of Renault, before being merged with Alpine to form Renault Sport in 1976. On 1 January 1976, René Vuaillat became director of Gordini. The Gordini company name became wholly owned by Renault in 1977.
Gordini Biplace Sport Type 17S from 1953, four cylinders, 7065 cc, 134 HP, 200 km/h
Gordini Biplace Sport Type 23S from 1953, six cylinders, 1481 cc, 140 HP, 200 km/h
Gordini Biplace Sport Type 20S from 1952, six cylinders, 1987 cc, 175 HP, 200 km/h
Simca-Gordini Coupe 15 S from 1950, four cylinders, 1490 cc, 135 HP, 200 km/h
Simca Gordini Sport Type 8 from 1939, four cylinders, 1220 cc, 74 HP, 160 km/h
Simca Gordini Biplace Sport Type 5, four cylinders, 570 cc, 23 HP, 125 km/h
Gordini Biplace Sport Type 26S from 1953, six cylinders, 1987 cc, 182 HP, 200 km/h