ATs-40 (ZiL-130/131)

ZiL-130 (ZiL-431410) is a third-generation Soviet and Russian medium-duty truck developed and produced by the Likhachev Automobile Plant in Moscow. Widely used in the national economy and army, and exported.

ZiL-131 is a Soviet and Russian medium-tonnage off-road truck, produced at the Moscow Likhachev Automobile Plant, the main model. It replaced the ZiL-157 truck, although they were produced together for another 28 years.


ATs-40 (131) model 137 is a fire tanker on the chassis of a ZiL-130 or a ZiL-131 all-wheel drive truck. Designed to deliver a crew of 7 people, firefighting equipment, water and foam concentrate to the site of a fire, as well as to extinguish a fire with water from a tank, open reservoir or water supply network, air-mechanical foam using foam concentrate brought or taken from an external reservoir. The most common type of fire truck in the former USSR, which can still be found in almost all cities and rural areas in the CIS. The silhouette of this particular car has become so recognizable that its stylized image is often used in firefighting paraphernalia or on fire prevention propaganda posters.

Since the early 1970s, vehicles of this type have been equipped with urban and rural fire departments, departmental fire departments, fire departments in military units, fire-chemical forest protection stations, airfields, sea and river ports. Due to the high cross-country ability of the base chassis, the vehicle turned out to be universal, capable of reaching the source of a fire even off-road or in conditions of snow drifts on the roads and in courtyards. The design of the fire superstructure also turned out to be successful, which had a relatively simple and repairable (even in the conditions of rural fire departments) design, a fairly successful pump, a well-thought-out arrangement of fire weapons, and a fire monitor.

The vehicle also had disadvantages: first of all, low dynamic characteristics, engine overheating when the pump was running (therefore, for vehicles supplied to hot regions of the USSR, additional cooling was provided with water supplied from a tank or hydrant), a high landing height, which made it difficult to quickly exit the combat vehicle. crew from the cockpit and led to injuries.

It was produced by the Priluki Fire-Fighting Equipment Plant from 1970 to 1984 (the prototype was assembled there in 1968). Since 1984, a modification of the AC-40 (131) model 137A has been produced, with the tank volume increased by 100 liters and control of the fire monitor from the cockpit. In 1983, a prototype of the AC-40/3 (131) model 137A-01 with a combined pump PNK-40/3 with a coil and a high-pressure barrel was also produced. This modification did not go into production.

Cars of this type are still in widespread use. Even in fire departments that received new equipment, AC-40 (131) mod. 137 continue to serve as reserves. Many cars from the 1980s are still preserved from the factory. Nevertheless, the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations is gradually decommissioning these vehicles. From large cities, well-preserved vehicles are transferred to rural fire departments, where they often replace failed ones of the same type. The vehicles are also donated to the voluntary fire department.

In Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, due to the shortage of spare parts for the ZiL chassis and their high degree of wear, the fire superstructure of the 137th model is rearranged onto other chassis (most often Korean or Chinese) and continues to serve.

Assembly: Moscow + Priluki (USSR)

Years of productions: 1970—1985

Length: 7640 mm

Width: 2500 mm

Height: 2950 mm

Chassis: ZiL-130/ZiL-131

Engine: 8 cylinders; 6000 cm³

Power: 150 HP

Max speed: 80 km/h

Fuel consumption: 28 l/100 km

Weight: 11 000 kg

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