Durmazlar Panorama. Istanbul transport 

A fleet of 30 five-section 100% low-floor Durmazlar Panorama trams operate using the Alstom’s APS (a third rail embedded in the ground between the tracks) for electrification to avoid visual pollution, a difference from other tram lines in the city, which have traditional overhead wires suspended from roadside posts.

This is the first time a licensed version of APS has been fitted to trams built by a manufacturer other than Alstom.

This wire-free solution was chosen to preserve the historic landscape of Istanbul by removing the need for overhead wires. Parts of the tramline are built on piles above the water.

Manufacturer: Durmazlar (Turkey)

Years of production: 2020—

Production:50

Track gauge: 1,435 mm (standard gauge)

Max speed (authorized): 45 km/h

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