Sukhoi Su-27

The Sukhoi Su-27 (factory code T-10S; NATO codification: Flanker-B) is a Soviet and Russian all-weather supersonic heavy fighter of the fourth generation, developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau and designed to gain air superiority. The aircraft is also used for missile and bomb strikes against ground targets. It is a carrier of tactical nuclear weapons.

The main designers of the Su-27 at different times were Naum Chernyakov, Mikhail Simonov, Artyom Kolchin and Alexey Knyshev.

The first flight of the prototype took place in 1977. In 1982, the aircraft began to arrive in aviation units, their operation began in 1985, and they were put into service on August 23, 1990. The Su-27 is one of the main aircraft of the Russian Air Force; its modifications are in service in the CIS countries, India, China and others. A large number of modifications have been developed on the basis of the Su-27: the combat training Su-27UB, the carrier-based fighter Su-33 and its combat training modification Su-33UB, multi-role fighters: Su-30, Su-27M, Su-35, front-line bomber Su-34 and others. As of 2019, the Su-27/30 series aircraft ranked third in number among the most common combat aircraft in the world, being the most common Russian-made combat aircraft.

The Shenyang J-11 (Chinese: 歼-11 应龙; NATO reporting name Flanker-L) is a twin-engine jet fighter of the People’s Republic of China whose airframe is derived from the Soviet-designed Sukhoi Su-27. It is manufactured by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC). The aircraft is operated by the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the People’s Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF).

In the 1970s, the PLAAF initiated a project to develop a replacement for its MiG-19s. The Shenyang Aircraft Factory proposal, designated J-11, was a new light fighter powered by the British Rolls-Royce Spey 512 engine, with better maneuverability than the MiG-19 and better climb rate than the MiG-21. The project was abandoned due to difficulties in obtaining the engines.

Manufacturer: ОКБ Сухого (Moscow, USSR/Russia)

First flight: 20 May 1977

Years of production: 1982—2012

Production: 809 units

Crew: 1 pilot

Length: 21,935 mm

Wingspan: 14,700 mm

Height: 5935 mm

Powerplant: 2× АЛ‑31Ф

Max speed: 2500 km/h

Range: 3900 km

Ceiling: 18,500 m

Weight: 16,300 kg

Armament: 1 autocannon ГШ‑301 (30 mm) + air-to-air missiles Р‑27 + 6000 kg of bombs ФАБ-250 

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