Transport, aviation and fighting vehicles by Andrew Pantele

Panhard AMD 178 Pan-Pan

The Panhard 178 (officially designated as Automitrailleuse de Découverte Panhard modèle 1935, 178 being the internal project number at Panhard) or “Pan-Pan” was an advanced French reconnaissance 4×4 armoured car that was designed for the French Army Cavalry units before World War II. It had a crew of four and was equipped with an effective …

Castles and fortresses of Spain and France with Mathew Kristes

Socoa Fort

Socoa Fort in Ciboure was built under King Louis XIII (father of the “Sun King”), and then improved by Sebastien Vauban – a famous French engineer, Marshal of France, and writer (his fortresses are declared World Heritage of Humanity).

In the 1670s Vauban visited Fort Socoa and drew up plans for a sea wall, connecting the …