Highest capital city in Europe. Capital of Andorra – Andorra la Vella
Capital of Andorra: Andorra La Vella
Population of Andorra la Vella: 20,430 people (01.10.2017)
Timezone: GMT +1 Europe/Andorra
Latitude – Longitude: 42.50779 x: 1.52109
Altitude above sea level: 1013 m (the highest capital city of Europe)
In accordance with Article 2.3 of the Constitution, Andorra la Vella is the Capital of the State. The settlement of Andorra la Vella has been the principal city of Andorra since 1278 when the French and the Episcopal co-princes concluded an agreement on joint suzerainty.
Andorra la Vella is located in the south-west of Andorra, at the confluence of two rivers – Valira del Nord and Valira de l’Orient.
Andorra la Vella has an oceanic climate with mid – mild summers, no snowy winters. The average annual precipitation is 780 mm (34 in).
The parish of Andorra la Vella (parriquia Andorra la vella) is divided into: Andorra la Vella, La Comella, La Margineda and Santa Coloma.
Andorra la Vella – is a political centre of the Principality. The buildings of government and parliament are located in a historic part of the city. Andorra la Vella is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities since 1982.
Andorra la Vella is a business centre of the principality. 76% of the GDP (01.01.2018) is derived from the 8 million tourists who visit the country every year. Andorra la Vella – is also a banking capital of Andorra. There are 5 bank offices (5 Andorran banks). The assets under the management of five Andorran banks: 35.390 mln euro
Today Andorra la Vella has modern tourist infrastructure: restaurants, hotels, shopping molls.
The crime rate in Andorra La Vella, including street crimes – pickpocketing, car theft and disorderly conduct, almost at zero point. Andorra La Vella is at the list of the safest cities in the world for living and tourism.
Architectural sights of Andorra la Vella
Casa de la Vall – is the former building of Andorran Parliament, it was built in 1580 by the noble family of Busquets. From 1702 the owner of the building changed — from then it belonged to the General Council of Andorra (that was later renamed in the Parliament)
Sant Esteve Church is attributed to Romanesque architecture period of the XII century. It has been significantly modernized in the XX century (1940) by the project the architect Josep Puig I Cadafalch.
Santa Coloma Church was built in Romanesque architectural style: rectangular nave, wooden rafters and quadrangle apses. The unique peculiarity of this architectural monument is a circular Lombard style bell tower that was built in the XII century. Its shape is unique for the architecture of the Pyrenees.
La Margineda Bridge is also considered to be one of the major showplaces of Andorra. It is located at the main highway that leads to the capital of Andorra through San Julia de Loria and Santa Coloma. The bridge, built in the Roman period (XV century) is in a perfect state and up to now allows crossing from one side of the Valira River to the other.