Bykovo Manor (less often – Maryino) is a manor complex in the park of the village of Bykovo near Moscow, Ramensky urban district (Zhukovsky) and an outstanding example of Russian architecture and landscape art of the era of Emperor Nicholas I.
Since it was built according to the designs of architects Vasily Bazhenov, Matvey Kazakov and Bernard Simon, it belonged to representatives of influential families of the Russian nobility.
Bykovo Manor has a long history and has changed several owners from famous Russian families.
According to some sources, the first mention of the village of Bykovo is in the spiritual charter of Dmitry Donskoy.
This charter was a will drawn up before the Battle of Kulikovo.
According to other sources, the village was first mentioned in the time of Ivan the Terrible in documents after Kazan was captured.
Church of the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God
In honor of one of the owner’s wives, the village and the estate of Bykovo received their second name – Maryino. Maria Alexandrovna died in 1780, and by 1789 the white stone Vladimir Church was erected in her memory.
Probably, the project belonged to Bazhenov, but the direct executor was Matvey Kazakov.
Of the monuments of Russian classicism, the church in Bykovo is an exceptional monument worthy of inclusion in the World Heritage List.
Many art historians have noted these qualities of the temple.
The first floor with the throne of the Nativity of Christ was built in 1783. In 1788, the second floor was completed with a chapel in honor of the icon of the Mother of God “Vladimirskaya,” which gave the church its name.
This temple has a unique oval shape and is one of the rare examples of the Neo-Gothic style.