The Burroughs Large Systems Group designed large mainframes using stack machine instruction sets with dense syllables [NB 1] and 48-bit data words. The first such design is the B5000 in 1961. It was optimized for running ALGOL 60 extremely well, using simple compilers. It evolved into the B5500. Subsequent major redesigns include the B6500/B6700 line and its successors, and the separate B8500 line.
In the 1970s, Burroughs Corporation was organized into three divisions with very different product line architectures for high-end, mid-range, and entry-level business computer systems. Each division’s product line grew from a different concept for how to optimize a computer’s instruction set for particular programming languages. “Burroughs Large Systems” referred to all of these large-system product lines together, in contrast to the COBOL-optimized Medium Systems (B2000, B3000, B4000) or the flexible-architecture Small Systems (B1000).
The L7000 was released in late 1970.
The Burroughs Corporation was a major American manufacturer of business equipment. The company was founded in 1886 as the American Arithmometer Company. In 1986, it merged with Sperry UNIVAC to form Unisys. The company’s history paralleled many of the major developments in computing. At its start, it produced mechanical adding machines, and later moved into programmable ledgers and then computers. It was one of the largest producers of mainframe computers in the world, also producing related equipment including typewriters and printers.