Bersenevskaya embankment is an embankment of the Moskva River in the Yakimanka district of the Central Administrative District of Moscow. Passes from the arrow of the island to the Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge. Ends with Serafimovich street.
In 1737-1745, Bersenevskaya embankment was reinforced with piles and became a roadway with a width of 4 to 11 sazhens; then in the area there were 25 courtyards stretched across the island. The fire of 1812 destroyed all the wooden buildings, the restoration was delayed until the 1840s.
In 1885, the construction of the Einem confectionery factory, now Red October, began on the embankment. A native of Württemberg, Theodor Einem himself died in 1878; the built factory actually belonged to his partner, Julius Geis. In 1906, on the site of part of the Wine and Salt Yard, a power station was built to this day, which fed the Moscow tram (MOGES-2, Bolotnaya Embankment, 2).
In the 1930s, the embankment was faced with granite, the spit of the Moskva River and the Vodootvodny Canal were designed by I. A. Frantsuz with gentle steps smoothly enveloping the cape of the island.
In 2004, the first stage of the Patriarshiy Bridge was opened, providing a convenient approach to the nearest metro station (Kropotkinskaya). Since that time, the formation of an art cluster began on the territory of the Krasny Oktyabr factory (production was withdrawn from Bersenevskaya embankment in 2007). The former factory premises house the Strelka Institute, the Red October Gallery, and several clubs.
Buildings and facilities
The monument to Peter the Great (official name is the Monument “To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Russian fleet”) by Zurab Tsereteli was erected in 1997 by order of the Moscow Government on an artificial island, poured at the division of Bersenevskaya embankment of the Moscow River and the Vodootvodny Canal. One of the highest monuments in Russia. The total height of the monument is 98 meters, the height of the figure of Peter is 18 meters.
No. 2 – the former Moscow Yacht Club. Since 1868, the imperial yacht club has been located on this site, at the southern tip of Bolotny Island. In 1893, the main building of the club was built in a pseudo-Gothic style, which has survived to this day (architect K. V. Treiman). In the Soviet years, the Strelka rowing base was located here.
No. 4, 6, 8 – F. Einem’s factory (Production buildings – 1911, architect A. M. Kalmykov, architect A. F. Karst supervised the construction), until 2007 the workshops of the Krasny Oktyabr factory were located here, which moved to Malaya Krasnoselskaya street. The new owner of the former factory buildings – the Guta-development company – leases the premises; tenants currently include the Strelka Institute and others.
No. 12, building 3 – a residential building – a hostel of the confectionery factory “Red October” (1898, architect P. P. Zykov; 1901, architect S. D. Kuchinsky).
No. 14, p. 5A – Strelka Institute of Media, Architecture and Design.
No. 16 – factory building (architect I. V. Rylsky).
No. 16 p. 5 – historical warehouses of the Smirnov vodka factory (1869-1874).
No. 16, p. 9, an architectural monument (regional) – the city estate of the Smirnovs with vodka production of the trading house “Smirnova I. A. Sons”, a residential building with chambers (end of the 16th-17th centuries; middle of the 18th century; 1820s; 1860s) -e – 1870s; XX century).
No. 18 – the temple of St. Nicholas (the Life-Giving Trinity) on Bersenevka (1656-1657).
No. 18, building 1 – the house of the clergy of St. Nicholas Church.
No. 20 – the chambers of the Duma clerk Averky Kirillov in the boyar estate of the 17th century. The facade of the house was built in the early 18th century in the Baroque style. Two side facades have preserved the style of the pre-Petrine era.
No. 20/1 – House on the embankment (Serafimovicha street, house 2).
No. 20/2 – Moscow Variety Theater.
Nearest metro: Tretyakovskaya, Biblioteka Imeni Lenina.ina, Kropotkinskaya.
Attractions nearby: Bolshoy Ustinsky Bridge, Maly Ustinsky Bridge, Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge, Kremlin embankment, Sofiyskaya Embankment, “House on the Embankment”, Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Red Square, Kremlin, New Tretyakov Gallery.